Brioni, S.
A station in motion: Termini as heterotopia
(2017) Italian Studies, 72 (4), pp. 443-454.

DOI: 10.1080/00751634.2017.1370792

Drawing on Michel Foucault’s definition of heterotopia, the article analyses the filmic and literary representation of Stazione Termini, Rome’s main train station. The Fascist architectural project, which mirrors an idea of the nation as homogeneous, monolithic, and white, begins to be challenged in the post-World War II representations of Termini which depict the station as the place where liminal and unexpected experiences can occur and accepted moral codes of behaviour are put into question. The article then focuses on the recent representation of Termini as a key place of contact with and among immigrants. While migration literature describes the station as a place of belonging, other contemporary representations of Termini depict it as a non-place, revealing the fear of a globalised world. The representation of Termini either as an isolated place in the urban geography of Rome or as a place that mirrors the multicultural reality of present-day Italy highlights a tension between different ways of practicing the same space. © 2017 The Society for Italian Studies.

Author Keywords
Colonial legacy; Heterotopia; Migration; Non-place; Rome; Train station; Urban geography



Faculté de droit d’Orléans, Jeudi 15 et vendredi 16 novembre 2018

Le colloque “Foucault face à la norme” s’inscrit dans une série de colloques ambitionnant de questionner un auteur, sa trajectoire de vie autant que son oeuvre, sur la question des normes telle qu’elle se pose avec acuité dans nos sociétés contemporaines.

La pensée de Foucault intéresse les juristes depuis son début. Interrogée maintes fois sous l’angle de la politique, du droit et plus particulièrement du droit pénal, l’oeuvre de Foucault est féconde pour la théorie du droit. Maintenant bien connue des spécialistes, elle laisse entrevoir son potentiel sur la question spécifique de l’évolution démesurée des normes tant privées que publiques dans nos sociétés. Tout l’enjeu de cette interrogation nouvelle consisterait alors à confronter l’oeuvre de Michel Foucault à la problématique des normes au-delà des disciplines. C’est dans ce décloisonnement que pourra le mieux être cerné l’originalité de sa pensée et surtout son caractère fécond pour la théorie du droit.

• Foucault peut-il offrir un cadre de pensée à la théorie du droit en prise avec la concurrence des autres normativités contemporaines, notamment celles de l’éthique, de la technologie numérique, du management, et de la gestion ?
• Existe-il en ce sens un concept foucaldien de la norme à même de mettre en dialogue ces normativités concurrentes et propre à dégager des enseignements pour un renouveau de la théorie du droit ?
• Dans quelle mesure la pensée de Foucault peut-elle nous aider à comprendre et agir sur le développement exponentiel des normes de toute nature que connaissent nos sociétés occidentales ?
• Son engagement politique et personnel durant sa vie dessine-t-il également une posture face à la norme susceptible de nous guider en tant que chercheur et citoyen ?

Déjà initiée avec Roland Barthes (https://www.upicardie.fr/barthesvsnorme/), cette série de colloques se poursuit avec Michel Foucault sous le même format : un colloque interdisciplinaire et international sur deux jours réunissant des spécialistes de l’auteur toute discipline confondue et des juristes intéressés par faire le lien avec la théorie du droit. Ce questionnement de certains des auteurs les plus inspirants du XXe siècle, qui se poursuivra avec Deleuze et Derrida notamment, dessine des voies possibles de contournement, de lutte et d’affranchissement face à la norme. La série de colloques Face à la norme s’inscrit dans le thème de recherche sur la Mutation des normes du Centre de recherche juridique Pothier de l’Université d’Orléans et de l’axe de recherche Technique(s) et histoire de la norme du Centre de Droit Privé et de Sciences Criminelles de l’Université d’Amiens.

Les propositions, en anglais ou en français et limitées à 500 mots, sont à envoyer à l’adresse foucaultvsnorme@u-picardie.fr avant le 31 janvier 2018

Faculty of Law of Orleans, Thursday 15 and Friday 16 November 2018

Foucault’s thought has interested lawyers since its start. Frequently questioned from the point of view of politics, law and more particularly of criminal law, Foucault’s work is fruitful for the Law theory. Now well known to specialists, it reveals its potential on the specific issue of the disproportionate development of both private and public standards in our societies. Then, the challenge of this new question would be to confront Michel Foucault’s work with the problematic of norms above disciplines. This is in this departitioning that the originality of his thought, and especially his fertile character for the theory of law could be best determined.
¥ Can Foucault offer a framework of thought to the theory of law in competition with other contemporary normativities, in particular those of ethics, digital technology, and management?
¥ Is there, in this sense, a Foucauldian concept of the norm capable of putting into dialogue these competing normativities, and which could provide lessons for a renewal of the law theory ?
¥ To what extent can Foucault’s thought help us understand and act on the exponential development of norms of all kinds that our Western societies are experiencing?
¥ Does his lifelong political and personal commitment also draw a posture to the norm that can guide us as a researcher and a citizen?

The Foucault symposium facing the norm is part of a series of conferences confronting an author to the problematic of standard. Already initiated with Roland Barthes (https://www.u-picardie.fr/barthesvsnorme/), this series continues with this symposium devoted to Michel Foucault, which reiterates the same format: an interdisciplinary and international two-day symposium bringing together specialists of the author in all disciplines and lawyers interested in making the link with the law theory. The prospect of this series of conferences, which will continue with Deleuze, Derrida, Levinas, and then Bourdieu, outlines possible ways of bypassing, struggling, and emancipating from the norms, thought and lived by some of the most inspiring authors of the twentieth century. The series of conferences Facing the norm is part of the research theme on the mutation of norms of the Pothier Legal Research Center of the University of OrlŽans and of the Research Focus Technique(s) and history of the norm of the Center of Private Law and Criminal Sciences of the University of Amiens.

Proposals, in English or French and limited to 500 words, should be sent to foucaultvsnorme@u-picardie.fr before January 31, 2018

Schweber, L.
Jack-in-the-black-box: Using Foucault to explore the embeddedness and reach of building level assessment method
(2017) Energy Research and Social Science, 34, pp. 294-304.

DOI: 10.1016/j.erss.2017.08.005

Environmental policy in Western countries is marked by extensive reliance on voluntary self-regulation, designed to influence market behavior. In many instances, these policy tools fail to deliver on their promise, while nonetheless influencing professional and user behavior. This paper draws on Foucault’s theory of governmentality and the Sociology of Standards to explore the effect of voluntary policy tools. Whereas most research focuses on the effect of tools on either intended outcomes or formal policies, this paper considers their effect on the people who directly engage with them. The paper uses the case of the Building Research Establishments Environmental Assessment Method (BREEAM) to consider the embeddedness and reach of policy tools across communities of practice. The contribution of the paper lies in its focus on the way in which organizational features of BREEAM contribute to its effect on the definition of green building and peoples’ engagement with them. Theoretically, the focus on organizational aspects of governing techniques draws attention local variations in the power/knowledge effect of techniques, thereby contributing to a relatively neglected aspect of governmentality. The paper concludes with reflection on the relevance of this approach for research into other types of policy tools and technical standards. © 2017

Author Keywords
BREEAM; Building environmental assessment methods; Governmentality; Policy tools; Standards; Voluntary governance

Gerdin, G.
‘It’s not like you are less of a man just because you don’t play rugby’—boys’ problematisation of gender during secondary school physical education lessons in New Zealand
(2017) Sport, Education and Society, 22 (8), pp. 890-904.

DOI: 10.1080/13573322.2015.1112781

Despite clear messages from current physical education (PE) curricula about the importance of adopting socially critical perspectives, dominant discourses of gender relating to physical activity, bodies and health are being reproduced within this school subject. By drawing on interview data from a larger ethnographic account of boys’ PE, this paper aims to contribute to our understanding of boys’ experiences of gendered discourses in PE, particularly by acknowledging boys not only as docile or disciplined bodies but also as active subjects in negotiating power relations. In the analysis of the data, particular emphasis is placed on whether the boys recognise the influence of gendered discourses and power relations in PE, how they act upon this knowledge and how they understand themselves as gendered subjects through these particular discourses/power relations. Using Foucault’s (1985. The use of pleasure: The history of sexuality, vol. 2. London: Penguin Books) framework related to the ‘modes of subjectivation’, this paper explores boys’ problematisation of dominant discourses of gender and power relations in PE. In summary, these boys perform gendered selves within the context of PE, via negotiation of gendered discourses and power relations that contribute to an alternative discourse of PE which creates spaces and opportunities for the production of more ethical and diverse masculinities. © 2015 Taylor & Francis.

Author Keywords
Boys; Foucault; gender; masculinity; physical education

Le Moment philosophique des années 1960 en France, Sous la direction de Patrice Maniglier, Paris: Presses Universitaires de France, 2011


Les années 1960 furent le théâtre de l’un des épisodes les plus brillants de l’histoire de la pensée philosophique en France. Elles s’ouvrirent sur le triomphe public du structuralisme, avec La Pensée sauvage de Lévi-Strauss, se continuèrent par le renouvellement du marxisme proposé par Althusser et de la psychanalyse par Lacan, et s’achevèrent avec une série d’œuvres comme celles de Foucault, Deleuze, Derrida et Lyotard, qui ont décidé du visage de la philosophie contemporaine.

L’héritage de cette période a néanmoins été difficile, suscitant tantôt une fascination mimétique, tantôt un rejet caricatural. Depuis quelques années, les auteurs qui l’ont marquée font individuellement l’objet d’une réception savante plus mesurée et plus profonde, au risque cependant de perdre la dimension collective et transversale qui la caractérisait. Le but de cet ouvrage est de réunir certains des meilleurs spécialistes pour prendre toute la mesure de ce qui a constitué, par son intensité et son ampleur, un « moment philosophique » exceptionnel.

Il offre à la fois une traversée de quatre dimensions transversales (épistémologique, politique, esthétique et philosophique) et une relecture de quatre livres singuliers : La Pensée sauvage de Lévi-Strauss (1962), Lire Le Capital et Pour Marx d’Althusser (1965), les livres de Derrida autour de De la grammatologie (1967), et Discours, Figure de Lyotard (1971). Traversant aussi bien les mathématiques de Bourbaki que la linguistique structurale, l’anthropologie de Lévi-Strauss que la psychanalyse freudienne, le marxisme d’Althusser que celui d’Adorno, le théâtre de Brecht que le cinéma de Godard, ce livre invite à redécouvrir ce moment non pas comme un objet historique à circonscrire, mais comme un mouvement ouvert où se sont décidées certaines des tâches qui nous incombent encore, aujourd’hui.

Raaper, R.
‘Peacekeepers’ and ‘machine factories’: tracing Graduate Teaching Assistant subjectivity in a neoliberalised university
(2017) British Journal of Sociology of Education, pp. 1-15. Article in Press.

DOI: 10.1080/01425692.2017.1367269

Guided by a Foucauldian theorisation, this article explores Graduate Teaching Assistant (GTA) experiences of their work and subjectivity in a neoliberalised higher education environment. By drawing on a research project with GTAs from one UK university, the article argues that GTA work is increasingly shaped by neoliberal reforms. The GTAs interviewed are critical of internationalisation, marketisation and client culture, and see these processes as acting on their subjectivity. The GTAs position themselves as mediators between demanding students and overworked academics: they have turned into much-needed ‘peacekeepers’ and ‘machine factories’. The findings also demonstrate that the subjectivity enforced by a dominant market ideology is further negotiated in the GTA experience. The discourses reveal that a lack of institutional control and coordination of graduate teaching provides the means for, and indeed enables, the GTAs to express some, but often limited, discontent with neoliberalism. © 2017 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group

Author Keywords
Foucault; Graduate Teaching Assistants; Higher education; neoliberalism; subjectification

Burgess, C.
‘Having to say everyday … I’m not black enough … I’m not white enough’. Discourses of Aboriginality in the Australian education context
(2017) Race Ethnicity and Education, 20 (6), pp. 737-751.

DOI: 10.1080/13613324.2016.1195353

This paper interrogates discourses of Aboriginality about, and by, early career Aboriginal teachers as they negotiate their emergent professional identity in specific Australian school contexts. These discourses position the respondents via their ethnic and cultural background and intersect with self-positioning. This relates to the desire to be positioned as teacher rather than (only) as an ‘Aboriginal’ teacher. Consequently, the over-determination of Aboriginality includes such suppositions as the ‘think-look-do’ Aboriginality with a ‘natural’ connection to community, the ‘good’ Aboriginal teacher who fixes Aboriginal ‘problems’, the Aboriginal teacher as ‘Other’, and [the notion that] ‘Aboriginal work’ as easy, not real work and peripheral to core business. Through qualitative methodology, eleven Aboriginal teachers from the University of Sydney were interviewed. They were able to construct stories of early career teaching and the data was analysed to explore how the participants interpreted, accepted and/or resisted various discourses in their efforts to be agentic and resilient and to make a difference for the Aboriginal students they teach. © 2016 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group.

Author Keywords
Aboriginal teachers; discourses; Foucault; narrative; relationships of power; teacher identity

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