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Il “campo”, il razzismo di stato, Archeologia Filosofica

Open access journal

Politiche di morte e governo della vita, II
Paolo Vernaglione Berardi

The last decrees imposed by national governments in EU (Italy, East Europe countries) represent the limit of governmentality. The adopted paradigm of the restrictive laws against the migrants coming from Libia, in facts breaks the international right about the rescue of the shipwreck victims. This “state of emergency” is implementing all the measures to maintain “public order” inside the cities, with evictions, ID checks, and generally production of fear. In this respect, the “racism of State” that Foucault had investigated in the mid Seventies has actually assumed the form of the “concentration camp”.

Nelle lezioni del Corso al College de France del 1976, dedicate al potere e alla guerra come matrice dei rapporti di potere, Michel Foucault introduce una nuova analitica che diverge dalle interpretazioni filosofico-politiche del potere. Mentre la teoria politica interpreta la sovranità come paradigma unico del potere, la genealogia storico-politica dei dispositivi disciplinari ci permette di vedere che non è tanto “il principe”, il sovrano, il re ad essere il luogo di costituzione e mantenimento del potere, quanto i rapporti tra gruppi classi, popolazioni nella storia dei conflitti e delle guerre. E ci fa comprendere che l’esercizio della sovranità è possibile a partire dalle distinzioni tra potere sovrano e governo. Il re regna ma non governa come il filosofo Giorgio Agamben ha dimostrato indicando la derivazione teologico-economica e non teologico-politica del potere sovrano[1].

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La metafisica del boia
recensione: Kyle Harper, From Shame to Sin: the Christiane Transformation of Sexual Morality in Late Antiquity

Alessandro Baccarin

Nell’Atene e nella Corinto del IV secolo d.C., quando il cristianesimo è ormai religione di stato e degli imperatori, gli opifici delle due città greche producevano alacremente lucerne decorate con esplicite immagini erotiche. Queste immagini appartenevano ad un repertorio iconografico secolare, parte integrante di un ornamentale talmente abituale e tradizionale da risultare invisibile agli occhi dei pii abitanti del tardo impero romano… (pdf)

Il pensiero ad oriente
recensione: François Jullien, Entrare in un pensiero. Sui “possibili” dello spirito

Giuseppe D’Acunto

Giunto a una fase avanzata del suo lavoro di filosofo e di sinologo, Jullien con questo libro ritiene sia arrivato, per lui, il momento per porsi la questione in cui si riassume la motivazione che ha animato la sua intera impresa scientifica: questione il cui ricorso è giustificato anche in sede speculativa, se è vero che il problema del cominciamento può essere accostato solo a cammino già iniziato e retrospettivamente. La strategia che egli intende seguire non è, però, quella di partire – cartesianamente – dal dubbio.

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Bruno Latour, Why Has Critique Run out of Steam? From Matters of Fact to Matters of Concern, Critical Inquiry 30 (Winter 2004)

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Wars. So many wars. Wars outside and wars inside. Cultural wars, science wars, and wars against terrorism. Wars against poverty and wars against the poor. Wars against ignorance and wars out of ignorance. My question is simple: Should we be at war, too, we, the scholars, the intellectuals? Is it really our duty to add fresh ruins to fields of ruins? Is it really the task of the humanities to add deconstruction to destruction? More iconoclasm to iconoclasm? What has become of the critical spirit? Has it run out of steam?

[…] What has become of critique when DARPA uses for its Total Information Awareness project the Baconian slogan Scientia est potentia? Didn’t I read that somewhere in Michel Foucault? Has knowledge-slash-power been co-opted of late by the National Security Agency? Has Discipline and Punish become the bedtime reading of Mr. Ridge?

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Andrew Wilkins, Rescaling the local: multi-academy trusts, private monopoly and statecraft in England, Journal Of Educational Administration And History, Published online: 01 Feb 2017
10.1080/00220620.2017.1284769

Abstract
For the past six years successive UK governments in England have introduced reforms intended to usher in less aggregated, top-down, bureaucratically overloaded models of service delivery. Yet the ‘hollowing out’ of local government has not resulted in less bureaucracy on the ground or less regulation from above, nor has it diminished hierarchy as an organising principle of education governance. Monopolies and monopolistic practices dominated by powerful bureaucracies and professional groups persist, albeit realised through the involvement of new actors and organisations from business and philanthropy. In this paper I adopt a governmentality perspective to explore the political significance of large multi-academy trusts (MATs) – private sponsors contracted by central government to run publicly funded schools – to the generation of new scalar hierarchies and accountability infrastructures that assist in bringing the gaze of government to bear upon the actions of schools that are otherwise less visible under local government management.

KEYWORDS: Neoliberalism, marketisation, private monopoly, academies, governmentality, statecraft

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Patricio Lepe-Carrión, Predicación, verdad y sujeto colonial: genealogías de la obediencia en contexto mapuche, Chasqui. Revista Latinoamericana de Comunicación N.º 132, agosto -noviembre 2016 (Sección Ensayo, pp. 245-260)

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Resumen
El presente texto examina las formas de predicación jesuita, contenidas en el esquema de subjetividad cristiana, y que entran en juego con las estrategias de conquista, expansión y explotación en el reino de Chile durante el siglo XVII. Se propone una lectura del pasado colonial, de sus relaciones de poder imbricadas en las ‘tecnologías del yo’, en el marco de un proyecto Fondecyt de Iniciación (nº11140804) que tiene como objeto de análisis los efectos de despolitización que tiene la Educación Intercultural durante las últimas décadas de postdictadura. El eje que orienta este trabajo está en pensar cómo el núcleo de la subjetividad mapuche (weichafe) ha sido durante siglos el foco de interés en las políticas o prácticas de dominación imperial.

Palabras clave
gubernamentalidad; predicación cristiana; tecnologías del yo; sujeto colonial; mapuche

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Patricio Lepe-Carrión, Intercultural Education in Chile: Colonial Subjectivity and Ethno-Governmental Rationality, SISYPHUS Journal of Education volume 3, issue 3, 2015, pp. 60-87

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Abstract
This article is the product of research conducted in the frame of FONDECYT Research Initiation project nº 11140804, entitled “Education and Cultural Racism: Evidence and Discursivities in Agents Who Implement the Bilingual Intercultural Education Program (PEIB)”, jointly conducted by the University of Chile’s Department of Pedagogical Studies and the University of Sao Paulo’s Faculty of Education Postdoctoral Program. The text explores the problem of “cultural racism” in intercultural education programs developed for Mapuche indigenous children in Chile. In order to do so, we first examine the production of subjectivity during the colonial era and later the emergence of ethnic issues in the current government agenda. Our evidence and analysis display how the degradation of indigenous peoples is objectified in the Chilean State’s discursive practices, perpetuating social and economic inequality through the production and administration of identities, as well as efficiently controlling ethnic conflicts.

Keywords
Racism, Governmentality, Intercultural education, Mapuche people, Chile

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Daniele Lorenzini Martina Tazzioli, Confessional Subjects and Conducts of Non-Truth: Foucault, Fanon, and the Making of the Subject, Theory, Culture and Society, First Published January 1, 2016

Full article available online

Abstract
This article puts Michel Foucault and Frantz Fanon into dialogue in order to explore the relationships between the constitution of subjects and the production of truth in modern Western societies as well as in colonial spaces. Firstly, it takes into account Foucault’s analysis of confessional practices and the effects of subjection, objectivation, and subjectivation generated by the injunction for the subject to tell the truth about him or herself. Secondly, it focuses on the question of interpellation that emerges in the colonial context and on the colonized who, as Fanon illustrates, is always seen as a deceitful subject. Finally, it shows that, despite the difference in the relationships between the constitution of subjectivity and the production of true discourses described by Foucault and Fanon, the transformative dimension enacted by the processes of subjectivation and by the practices of resistance constitutes a shared conceptual and political ground between the two authors.

Keywords confession, Fanon, Foucault, subjectivation, truth

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obsolete-capitalismObsolete Capitalism, Acceleration, Revolution and Money in Deleuze and Guattari’s Anti-Oedipus

Translated by Letizia Rustichelli and Ettore Lancellotti, Revised by Edmund Berger Anti-copyright, August 2016, Rizosfera/Obsolete Capitalism, Creative Commons 4.0. ISBN 9788875591007- 2

The book series entitled «The Strong of the Future» deals with accelerationist philosophy, in particular with the thought based on Nietzsche, Klossowski and Acéphale magazine, Deleuze and Guattari, Foucault and Lyotard.

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“In the famous introduction of the American edition of the volume Anti-Oedipus (1977) Foucault defined Deleuze and Guattari’s book as an introduction to a non-fascist life (Introduction à la vie non-fasciste). He referred to it as to an ethical work conceived to fight the most strategic enemy, namely fascism, as well as a way to experience a new life amended from the worst cancer. The real question is: which behaviour shall one conduct to avoid becoming fascist? The essay represents a work of «Ars politica» of resistance that could be openly defined as anti-fascist. What is then the difference between non-fascist and anti-fascist? Which revolutionary path for a non-fascist world? To answer these and other questions from a diverging position of the traditional Left, the essay “Acceleration, Revolution and Money in Deleuze and Guattari’s Anti-Oedipus” inspects and investigates the accelerationist politics that Foucault, Klossowski, Deleuze and Guattari activated in the 70s. Such accelerationist «ars politica» is destined to continue radically changing the nature of the Left in XXI century.”

Chapter I
The Locus classicus of the contemporary accelerationist movement: Deleuze and Guattari’s Anti-OEdipus

Chapter II
The morning acceleration: a headless revolution

Chapter III
For an Erotica of the Revolution

Chapter IV
The infinite money: desire, value and simulacrum

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