Posted in Journal articles on 1 September 2016 |
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Jean-François Braunstein, Foucault et les sciences humaines, Archives de Philosophie 2016/1 (Tome 79)
Source: Foucault et les sciences humaines
Michel Foucault semble désormais être devenu un « grand philosophe » comme les autres. Les livres, les colloques, les numéros spéciaux de revue, les enseignements et les séminaires de recherches se multiplient à l’envi, notamment à l’occasion du trentième anniversaire de sa mort et du dépôt de ses archives à la Bibliothèque nationale de France. Beaucoup de commentateurs traitent de son œuvre comme…
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Rose, J., Spencer, C.
Immaterial labour in spaces of leisure: producing biopolitical subjectivities through Facebook
(2015) Leisure Studies, 18 p.
This research critically examines ways in which highly popular yet relatively under theorised leisure experiences inform and are informed by the social and political governance of our everyday lives. Specifically, online social networking, as seen through Facebook, actively produces leisure spaces, even if these spaces are primarily constituted through their discursive dimensions. By introducing the critical lenses of Marx’s notion of immaterial labour and Foucault’s biopolitics, we describe the ways in which leisure engagement with Facebook produces new forms of often hidden labour from users, thereby further contributing to the biopolitical control over many of our everyday experiences. These increasingly nuanced assemblages of leisure–labour relationships further destabilise any contention that leisure and labour are distinct sociological dimensions in people’s lives. We consider ways in which Facebook can counter various problematic hegemonic global structures, incorporating Hardt and Negri’s hopeful ideas of the multitude as a form of resistance toward global neoliberal capitalism. From this critical perspective, we explicitly politicise Facebook and layer the ways in which Facebook is currently working (and not working) with Hardt and Negri’s ideas of a more-realised democracy in order to illuminate some of the flaws in Facebook’s structure and typical operation. Such overtly critical scholarship can contribute to further positioning leisure as a dynamic social institution that constantly becomes conscripted into capitalist structures in increasingly covert ways. Such politicised understandings of leisure, broadly, and individuals’ social media experiences, more specifically, offer substantial direction for leisure understanding, scholarship and critique. © 2015 Taylor & Francis
capitalism; Foucault; Hardt and Negri; Marx; multitude
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Developmental discourses as a regime of truth in research with primary school students
(2016) International Journal of Qualitative Studies in Education, 29 (7), pp. 911-924.
While developmental discourses have been heavily critiqued in relation to education systems, less attention has been paid to how these impact the data collection process in classroom research. This article utilises Foucault’s concept of regime of truth to highlight the pervasiveness of developmental discourses when conducting research in primary schools. Such a theoretical framing makes explicit how developmental discourses work and are constructed as ‘truth’, which limit the possibilities for alternative perspectives. This article shows how this regime of truth works in practice by reflecting on qualitative research conducted with two age groups in two primary schools in Australia, focusing on the researcher’s navigations of these discourses. In particular, this article examines the impact of developmental discourses on conducting research with multiple age groups, initiating research, choosing methods for data collection, and negotiating power relations and ethical practices. © 2016 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group.
age; data collection process; Developmental discourses; primary school; regime of truth
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Lobo-Guerrero, L., Stobbe, A.
Knots, Port authorities and governance: Knotting together the port of Hamburg
(2016) Global Society, 30 (3), pp. 430-444.
Ports and port systems have historically been pre-eminent global sites. Their role, which transcends that of connecting landed with maritime domains, is one without which the historically specific global connectedness and disconnectedness of cultures and regions such as Europe could not be understood. They are, however, largely forgotten as sites for the scholarly study of power and International Relations. Inspired by Foucault’s work, connectivity is here understood as an outcome of governance, the result of the strategic combination of practices of power that presupposes agency. The connectivity that ports afford constitutes a rich empirical space from which to interrogate how global and regional spaces such as Europe are actively constituted. The analytical challenge, however, is how to render port connectivity as an empirical site. The metaphor of knots is explored in this article as a way to explore how port governance as the result of actively combining disparate interests into a coherent whole provides such a site. To do so the figure of the port authority as a governing structure in the context of the European Union is explored. The case in point is that of the Hamburg Port Authority whose role is analysed as that of a “smart knot”. © 2016 University of Kent.
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Issues of professionalism and teachers: critical observations from research and the literature
(2015) Australian Educational Researcher, 42 (3), art. no. 159, pp. 299-317.
The concept of ‘professionalism’ has become more evident in discourse about teacher quality in recent years. In fact, in some contexts ‘professionalism’ is used as a euphemism for quality and reform. This critical essay applies a critical theory perspective and discusses notions of educational professionalism from the academic literature. It draws on research findings about teachers’ understandings of the diverse ways the term ‘professionalism’ is used in discussions of teacher quality, and highlights three key assumptions that appear to underpin contemporary ‘professionalism’ discourses. It suggests that the reification of ‘professionalism’ may have had a number of regrettable consequences for teachers, and challenges the apparent lack of evidence that links ‘professionalism’, however it might be defined, with quality educational outcomes. The essay concludes by arguing that the emergence of ‘professionalism’ as a signifier of quality has served to obscure and confuse many other important issues concerning the quality of teaching. © 2014, The Australian Association for Research in Education, Inc.
Professional development; Professional learning; Professionalisation; Professionalism; Standards; Teachers
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Johansen, K.B.H., Tjørnhøj-Thomsen, T.
The consequences of coping with stalking—results from the first qualitative study on stalking in Denmark
(2016) International Journal of Public Health, pp. 1-7. Article in Press.
Objectives: The purpose of this article is to explore: (1) how victims of stalking experience the phenomenon in their daily life, (2) how the nature of stalking informs the victim’s internal coping strategies, and (3) how the victims’ internal coping strategies negatively affect their daily life and well-being. Methods: Qualitative semi-structured interviews were conducted with 25 victims of stalking. Thematic content analysis was employed, and themes were primarily identified inductively and broad into dialogue with concepts, such as Foucault’s panopticism. Results: The results of the study indicate that rather than the stalkers’ harassment itself; it is the unpredictability of the stalkers’ potential actions that inform the victims’ primary coping strategy—self-regulation. Self-regulation consists of various strategies victims employ to avoid the stalker. Our analysis shows that self-regulation as a coping strategy has social and psychological consequences for the victims, leading to various degrees of social isolation and apprehension. Conclusions: We conclude that it is necessary to consider how professionals advise victims to cope with their situation as how legal measures should focus on the security of victims. © 2016 Swiss School of Public Health (SSPH+)
Consequences; Coping; Latent violence; Self-regulation; Stalking
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Jappah JV, Smith DT. Global governmentality: Biosecurity in the era of infectious diseases, Global Public Health. 2015;10(10):1139-56. Epub 2015 May 18.
This paper uses Foucault’s concept of governmentality to examine relationships between globalisation, the threat of infectious diseases and biosecurity. It draws attention to forms of calculated practices which Foucault notes as technologies of power that aim to foster positive demographic and economic trends in societies through the apparatus of security. These practices are employed at the global level with similar ambitions; hence, we adopt the term global governmentality. We discuss the applications of global governmentality by actors in the global core through the apparatus of security and (neo)liberal economic practices. We then provide examples of resistance/contestation from actors mainly in the global periphery through discussions of viral sovereignty; access to essential medicines, including HIV drugs; and health for all as a human right. We conclude that despite the core-periphery power asymmetry and competing paradigms, these developments tend to complement and/or regulate the phenomenon termed global governmentality, which is made evident by the tremendous successes in global health.
Keywords: globalisation, infectious disease, biosecurity, governmentality, global health,
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