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Archive for the ‘Interviews’ Category

Michel Foucault, Prisons And The Future Of Abolition: An Interview, Critical Theory, JUNE 25, 2016

Active Intolerance: Michel Foucault, the Prisons Information Group, and the Future of Abolition” explores the Prison Information Group (GIP), an organization founded by notable academics, including Michel Foucault and Gilles Deleuze, to expose the deplorable conditions of the French Prison system.

“Little information is published on prisons,” Foucault announced on behalf of the GIP. “It is one of the hidden regions of our social system, one of the dark zones of our life. We have the right to know; we want to know.”

In this interview, I spoke with the book’s editors, Perry Zurn and Andrew Dilts, about the legacy and lessons of the GIP.

Eugene Wolters: What was the GIP?

Perry Zurn: The GIP (or Le Groupe d’information sur les prisons, the Prisons Information Group) was a prison activist organization in France, conceived of in 1970 and operational well into 1973. Beyond this simple description, the GIP can be characterized in a number of competing ways.

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Orazio Irrera, « Michel Foucault et les critiques de l’idéologie. Dialogue avec Pierre Macherey », Methodos [En ligne], 16 | 2016;

DOI : 10.4000/methodos.4667

Texte intégral

Orazio Irrera – On a l’habitude un peu hâtive de dire que lorsque Foucault critique l’idéologie, il s’adresse surtout à la conception althussérienne de l’idéologie. Mais en suivant votre argumentation, il semble plutôt que Foucault et Althusser ont tenté tous les deux d’échapper à une conception représentationnelle et seulement négative (donc non productive) de l’idéologie. Pour cette raison, à votre avis, serait-il utile de distinguer parmi les critiques de Foucault entre celles qui sont adressées à l’idéologie comme système de représentation, donc comme « reflet et transposition », ou encore comme rationalisation (Althusser lui aussi semble critiquer cette conception de l’idéologie) et celles qui sont plutôt adressées à la manière dont Althusser cherche, pour sa part, à surmonter cette idée représentationnelle de l’idéologie à travers une conception positive de l’idéologie, entendue comme agent effectif du processus de reproduction sociale ? Pourquoi, face aux efforts déployés par Althusser pour sauver la notion d’idéologie, Foucault tient-il, au contraire, cette notion comme étant non-amendable – ce qui revient à jeter le bébé avec l’eau du bain ? Est-ce que toutes les critiques que Foucault adresse à l’idéologie ont pour lui le même poids, ou est-ce qu’il y en a une qui, à un certain moment, se révèle plus importante ou plus décisive que les autres et qui aurait enfin persuadé Foucault qu’il n’est pas possible de se servir de cette notion ?

Pierre Macherey – Il me semble, c’est une hypothèse que je propose à la discussion, que la manière tranchante utilisée par Foucault pour aborder la question de l’idéologie est le symptôme d’un embarras.

Mots-clés : Foucault, Althusser Louis, idéologie, Macherey Pierre

suite

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EDGES BLOG: CSC Interview with Daniel Zamora. Cultural Studies blog, George Mason University, 12 March 2016

The Cultural Studies Program’s colloquium (CSC) series features talks by distinguished scholars from across the disciplines. Graduate student Dave Zeglen interviewed Daniel Zamora, a postdoctoral fellow at the University of Illinois at Chicago. See below for the transcript.

Let us begin with your primary thesis, which has already stirred controversies and debates: How did Foucault understand neoliberalism, and how did he actually position himself vis-à-vis the shifting political currents of the 1970s? How was his thinking shifting on questions related to the social democratic welfare state? What factors contributed to Foucault’s open anti-socialism and anti-statism in the French context?

These are probably some of the most important questions to ask in order to understand Foucault’s relationship to neoliberalism. And we can’t understand that relationship without placing Foucault’s work within the French context of the mid-1970s. More specifically, Foucault’s work is situated in the conflict between old and new lefts, in the post-1968 left’s increasing opposition to the post-war left.

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The Limits of Neoliberalism: An Interview with Will Davies

Posted by Stephen Dunne in Management is too Important Not to Debate Blog on April 15, 2015

Stephen Dunne (henceforth SD): Can I ask you to recount, when you set out on the book, what you were trying to do and in relation to what body of work?

WD: The main question I had, following on from my PhD, concerned competition and competitiveness as forms of justification, or as sources of political authority. It appeared to me that appealing to competitive processes, or claiming that certain actions were going to be good for competitiveness or improve competition, was a basis on which to win consent to certain things. It seemed to be a form of justification or a way of legitimating certain types of action. I was interested in the fact that it was almost not tenable in today’s society and particularly in today’s policy establishment to be against competition or against competitiveness in some way.  It was almost that to be against those ideas was to put yourself in some sort of irrational or futile position.  And that immediately concerned me because it made me think about where these ideas came from.

[…]

It was only later that I started to become interested in the notion of neoliberalism. In the space of about three years, there were a series of very good critical historical books on neoliberalism as a distinct tradition of thought.  In 2008 Foucault’s The Birth of Biopolitics was translated into English then in the summer of 2009 Mirowski and Dieter Plehwe’s The Road from Mont Pelèrin, a series of articles on different aspects of what they call The Neoliberal Thought Collective was also published. I think it was 2010 when Jamie Peck’s Constructions of Neoliberal Reason came out and much more recently there was Angus Burgin’s The Great Persuasion, the most historical and detailed history of the neoliberal intellectual movement, although probably also the least critical or theoretical.

Foucault points out that the key trait of markets from a neoliberal perspective is not that they facilitate exchange but that they facilitate competition. For liberals, the market is a space of equivalence in that two people come together and perform an act of exchange. Money is equivalent to a good or a service or a unit of labour. For neoliberals, the market is something which produces inequality between people.  One person wins and another person loses and that is the key moral trait of markets for them. Suddenly I realised the reason I was interested in competitiveness was precisely this issue: competition as a mode of justification. This effectively means generating more inequality and preventing the push towards equality that was a trait of the socialists, Keynesians and social democrats: projects that initially prompted the creation of the neoliberal thought collectives as a critical response.

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Rohan Deb Roy and David Arnold, Of Prisons, Tropics and Bicycles: A Conversation with David Arnold, Asian Medicine 6 (2010–11) 149–163

DOI:10.1163/157342110X606914
Full text on academia.edu

Abstract
David Arnold who retired this year as the Professor of Asian and Global History at the University of Warwick remains one of the most prolific historians of colonial medicine and modern South Asia. A founding member of the subaltern studies collective, he is considered widely as a pioneer in the histories of colonial medicine, environment, penology, hunger and famines within South Asian studies and beyond. In this interview he recalls his formative inspirations, ideological motivations and reflects critically on his earlier works, explaining various shifts as well as mapping the possible course of future work. He talks at length about his forthcoming works on everyday technology, food and monsoon Asia. Finally, he shares with us his desire of initiating work on an ambitious project about the twin themes of poison and poverty in South Asian history, beginning with the Bengal famine in the late eighteenth century and ending with the Bhopal gas tragedy of the early 1980s. This conversation provides insights into the ways in which the field of medical history in modern South Asia has been shaped over the past three decades through interactions with broader discussions on agency, resistance, power, everydayness, subaltern studies, global and spatial histories. It hints further at the newer directions which are being opened up by such persisting intellectual entanglements.

Keywords
Colonialism, medicine, subaltern, everyday, South Asia

Subsequently, Foucault has been the most important single influence on my work and my thinking about history. Of course, Foucault’s work takes many forms and it is the early Foucault that I tend to go back to, particularly Discipline and Punish and the Power/Knowledge interviews rather than the later Foucault of The History of Sexuality

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Quel est l’héritage de Michel Foucault?

Sophie Joubert, Avec Frédéric Gros, philosophe, professeur à Sciences Po, coordinateur de la Pléiade Michel Foucault, Radio France Information, Diffusion : vendredi 8 janvier 2016

Podcast

Impossible de parler de la folie, de la prison ou de l’histoire de la sexualité sans citer le nom de Michel Foucault.

Il a inventé une nouvelle manière de faire de la philosophie et bouleversé le paysage de la pensée. Professeur star du collège de France à partir de 1969, sa réputation a fait le tour du monde notamment aux Etats-Unis où il fut avec Deleuze et Derrida le représentant de la French Theory.

A la frontière de l’histoire, de la philosophie, ou même de la fiction, son œuvre a fait bouger durablement les lignes de partage disciplinaires et a ouvert de nouveaux champs de recherche notamment dans le monde anglo-saxon. En novembre dernier, les éditions Gallimard ont fait paraître le tome 2 de ses œuvres complètes, mettant en exergue l’érudition et la méticulosité de l’entreprise foucaldienne. Michel Foucault est mort du sida le 25 juin 1984.

Comment lire son œuvre aujourd’hui ? Comment peut-elle éclairer notre présent, notamment les questions de gouvernementalité et de surveillance qui traversent l’actualité ? Autour de la question « Quel est l’héritage de Michel Foucault ? », la réalisation est signée Cécile Bonici.

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Foucault : “Mes livres sont des espèces de petits pétards…

En juin 1975, Roger-Pol Droit enregistrait de longs entretiens avec le philosophe Michel Foucault en vue d’un livre qui fut abandonné. Inédit.
PROPOS RECUEILLIS PAR ROGER-POL DROIT
Publié le 06/12/2015 | Le Point

This article is for purchase.

Dans cet extrait inédit, il parle de sa conviction d’alors de n’être jamais un auteur de la Pléiade.
“Je ne serai pas à la Pléiade”…

“J’ai parfaitement conscience de ne pas faire une oeuvre, et on ne publiera pas mes oeuvres complètes, je ne serai pas à la “Pléiade”, etc. Je dis ça en me marrant, et sans aucun sentiment d’amertume, ni de tristesse, ni quoi que ce soit, mais pour moi écrire n’est pas quelque chose que j’aime. Je n’aime pas l’écriture. Être écrivain me paraît véritablement dérisoire…

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