Archive for the ‘Education’ Category

Aquino, J.G.
Two premises and one general hypothesis for the analysis of the educational present
(2017) Educational Philosophy and Theory, 49 (7), pp. 672-680.

DOI: 10.1080/00131857.2016.1204733

Contemporary research in the field of Foucauldian studies on education have pointed to a growing imbrication between educational practises and neoliberal ideas. The problematization of such scenario would lead to two premises, grounded on a general hypothesis for the analysis of the educational present. The first premise: nowadays, the educational or, to be more precise, educationalizing practises—since they would not deal only with the schooling effort, but also with the diffusion of a great number of pedagogical initiatives of non-formal character—consists in an efficient rationality of governing of oneself and others. The second premise is that such educationalizing movement consists not only in the expression but also in the typical modus operandi of the current governmentalization processes, which aim at a large-scale administration of the multiplicity of populations now in terms of a lifelong educatibility for the citizens. These two premises sustain the hypothesis that the present educational practises do not restrict themselves to the mere condition of reiterative apparatus of imperatives extrinsic to them, but have in fact cemented themselves as a generative locus of the veridiction/subjectivization games capable of overrunning the whole social space. © 2016 Philosophy of Education Society of Australasia.

Author Keywords
educationalization; Foucault; Governmentality

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Jiménez, M.A., Valle, A.M.
Pedagogy and the care of the self: A reading from Foucault
(2017) Educational Philosophy and Theory, 49 (7), pp. 702-709.

DOI: 10.1080/00131857.2016.1204736

This text reflects about the need to consider an additional institutional alternative that matters, not only to the ones that advocate for pedagogy, but also to all of those involved in different educational processes. It is, so to speak, a Paideia that privileges the care of the self as a substantial value, and, as such, it is not dedicated to a unique moment on people’s lives and it does not correspond to a specific institution, but to the universal and singular spirit of the human affairs. © 2016 Philosophy of Education Society of Australasia.

Author Keywords
Care of the self; pedagogy; subject-truth

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Special Issue: Echoes of Foucault in Education, Educational Philosophy and Theory , 7, vol 49, 2017

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Romito, M.
Governing through guidance: an analysis of educational guidance practices in an Italian lower secondary school
(2017) Discourse, pp. 1-16. Article in Press.

DOI: 10.1080/01596306.2017.1314251

Current social policy discourse defines educational and career guidance as a key tool to enhance individual self-realisation while pursuing collective social objectives (economic growth, reduction of drop-out rate, social inclusion). Relying on Foucault’s concept of governmentality, critical research has long destabilised this mainstream narrative by stressing that guidance polices constitute a technology of government through which the political ambition to govern is realised by shaping citizens’ desires and ambitions. This article aims to provide an in-depth empirical analysis of how governing practices unfold within a concrete guidance setting. Based on ethnographic data, the essay focuses on guidance practices addressing 13–14-year-old students in Italy moving from comprehensive education to a tracked educational level. Particular emphasis is given to the role played by guidance forms, questionnaires and exercises. These materials, it is argued, enable particular technologies of the self that are key to involving individual in practices of self-government. © 2017 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group

Author Keywords
Foucault; governmentality; Guidance policies; policy enactment; self-evaluation forms; self-management; technology of power; technology of the self

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Farrell, F. , Duckworth, V., Reece, M., Rigby, P. The moral frontiers of English education policy: governmentality and ethics within an alternative provision free school Educational Review
Volume 69, Issue 3, 27 May 2017, Pages 349-365

This article is a critical poststructuralist analysis of Conservative led free school policy in England focusing on claims made by the New Schools Network and in the 2010 White Paper that free school provision promotes social justice. The article presents an empirical study of an alternative provision free school as a lens through which these claims can be interrogated. Drawing from Foucault’s concept of governmentality the article analyses the narratives of teachers working in the school in order to gain insights into the microphysics of the policy rationalities mobilised within the discursive site of the free school and claims that such provision promotes social justice. The teachers interviewed demonstrate a strong alignment to free school policy discourse, but also a blurring of pastoral and disciplinary rationalities expressed in terms of the rehabilitation of students on the educational boundaries of the “normal”. The article concludes that the school is a tactical move within neoliberal education policy in which the state responsibilises a new polity of actors, including teachers, sponsors and communities contracting out its interventions in order to govern the ungovernable. The article calls for further empirical research of free school provision in order to contest neoliberal discourses which obfuscate complex systemic failure and the social reality of intergenerational unemployment and disadvantage. © 2016 Educational Review.

Author keywords
alternative provision; ethics; Foucault; Free school; governmentality; neoliberal

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Reveley, J. (2015). Foucauldian critique of positive education and related self-technologies: Some problems and new directions. Open Review of Educational Research, 2(1), 78-93.

DOI: 10.1080/23265507.2014.996768

By focusing on positive education, this article draws out the educational implications of Binkley’s Foucauldian critique of neoliberal subjects being pressured to learn how to manage their emotions. From the latter author’s perspective, positive education self-technologies such as school-based mindfulness training can be construed as functioning to relay systemic neoliberal imperatives down to individuals. What this interpretation overlooks, however, is that young people are not automatically and unambiguously disempowered by the emotion management strategies they are taught at school. Arguably, positive education contributes to the formation of resistant educational subjects with an emotional toolkit that equips them to mount oppositional action against neoliberalism. Foucault’s work can be interpreted in a way that is not inconsistent with seeing positive education as having such liberatory potential.

Keywords: critical pedagogy, review, Philosophy of Education, critical theory

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Fhulufhuwani Hastings Nekhwevha, Freire contra Foucault on Power/Knowledge and Truth Discourses. The Constitution of a Subject for Authentic Educational Praxis in South Africa, LAP Lambert Academic Publishing, 2012

This is a partly theoretical and partly historical study whose ‘focus-down’ approach has as a main objective a detailed comparative dissection of Freire and Foucault’s conceptions of knowledge, power, truth and the subject for authentic educational praxis and the implication these have for the practice of education for liberation in South Africa. The core argument in the study is that despite the existence of some points of convergence between Freire and Foucault’s projects, for instance, the similarity between Freire’s concern for the cultural experience of the learner and Foucault’s view that marginalised local knowledge need to be rescued from subjugation, Foucault’s notion of power does not allow for liberatory education praxis. Only the pedagogy of knowing within the Freirian mould with its emphasis on dialogue and conscientisation makes liberatory praxis in education possible. Hence it is argued in this study that the most suitable framework to illuminate these processes would necessarily combine Giddens and Thompson’s concept of ideology critique and Habermas’ notion of communicative action for purposes of ensuring dialogical action for freedom to take place.

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