Archive for the ‘Book chapters’ Category

Behrooz Ghamari-Tabrizi, (2009) “When Life Will No Longer Barter Itself”: In Defense of Foucault on the Iranian Revolution. In Sam Binkley, Jorge Capetillo (eds) A Foucault for the 21st Century, Biopolitics and Discipline in the New Millennium, Newcastle, Cambridge Scholars Publishing pp.270-290

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When Michel Foucault’s journalistic accounts of the Iranian Revolution appeared thirty years ago in Italian and French papers, friends and foes alike thought perhaps the author of Madness and Civilization had gone mad. The philosopher of the land of laïceté was enamored with the spirituality of a massive political action. His defense of the revolution––in spite, and, more importantly, because of its Islamic character––turned him into the butt of French ridicule. The intelligentsia interpreted Foucault’s fascination with the Iranian Revolution as being kin to, at worst, Heidegger’s Nazi temptations, and, at best, Marx’s Orientalist stab at India.

Public attention to Foucault’s reflections on Islam and Iran was confined to the French circles during the years of revolution in Iran itself, 1978-1980. Although a number of essays engaged Foucault posthumously in the early 1990s, the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001 renewed interest in his musings on political Islam. One might reasonably ask what Foucault had to do with these acts of atrocity. But as I shall demonstrate, a host of Left and liberal philosophers, sociologists, historians, and essayists exploited the atrocities of 9/11 and other recent violent encounters of Muslims in Europe as the basis for launching a feverish attack on the proponents of what they dubbed “cultural relativism.” They warned that nihilism and the awakening of the antiquated regimes of power were the inevitable consequence of the erasure of the Enlightenment as the Universal Referent. But it was not until Janet Afary and Kevin Anderson published Foucault and the Iranian Revolution: Gender and the Seductions of Islamism, that Foucault was tried and convicted as the chief perpetrator of malefic cultural relativism. Afary and Anderson raise fundamental questions about Foucault’s critique of modern disciplinary power in order to prove the consistency between his philosophical oeuvre and his revolutionary sympathies for what they call pseudo-fascist Islamism.

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Matteo Pasquinelli “Arcana Mathematica Imperii: The Evolution of Western Computational Norms”, in: Maria Hlavajova et al. (eds) Former West. MIT Press, 2017.

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Etymologically, statistics is knowledge of the state, of the forces and resources that characterize a state at a given moment . . . this was an explicit part of raison d’État called the arcana Imperii, the secrets of power, and for a long time statistics in particular were considered as secrets of power not to be divulged.
Michel Foucault, Security, Territory, and Population, 1978.

In the nonspace of the matrix, the interior of a given data construct possessed unlimited subjective dimension.
William Gibson, Neuromancer, 1984.

The essay follows the metamorphosis of the symbolic form of Western power in the age of global datacenters and machine learning algorithms. Three cases studies of numerical governance (or algorithmic governance) are discussed: Compstat — a system of crime record visualization developed by the New York Police Department since 80s; SkyNet — a NSA classified program for metadata analysis of communication networks in the ‘war on terror’; Ayasdi — a company sponsored by DARPA (the research agency of the US Department of Defense) that has developed sophisticated techniques for topological data analysis.

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Teófilo Espada-Brignoni and Frances Ruiz-Alfaro, Political Repertoires: Tellability and Subjectivation in Music as a Platform for Political Communication,Uche Onyebadi (ed.) IGI Global, 2017

DOI: 10.4018/978-1-5225-1986-7.ch003

Songwriting, whether creative or unoriginal, can challenge or promote the values of the dominant discourses in a particular society. Within the context of popular music, Gil Scott-Heron wrote songs that problematize official discourses about family life, the African-American experience, the government, and rappers, among other topics. Through discourse analysis, in this chapter the authors explore how songs written by Scott-Heron deal with the narrations and definitions others ascribe to the self, questioning a diversity of accounts and explanations regarding social and personal experience. Gathering ideas from Michel Foucault’s and Judith Butler’s notion of “subjectivation,” Kathy Popkin’s considerations on “tellability,” and Enrique Pichón- Rivière’s conceptualization of bonds, the authors discuss political repertoires articulated through music.

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Pierre Macherey, 10 – Foucault lecteur de Roussel : la littérature comme philosophie, Pierre Macherey À quoi pense la littérature ?, Presses Universitaires de France, 1990, édition numérique (2016)

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Dans son travail, Foucault a réservé une place exceptionnelle à la littérature, à laquelle il a reconnu le statut d’un révélateur théorique : Les mots et les choses, dont le titre évoque directement les problèmes de la littérature, en témoignent particulièrement. Foucault a fait plus que réfléchir sur la littérature, il a travaillé avec la littérature : ce qui le préoccupait, c’était d’en faire un…

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Thamy Ayouch, Foucault pour la psychanalyse : vérité, véridiction, pratiques de soi, in SQUVERER Amos, LAUFER Laurie (dir.), Foucault et la psychanalyse. Quelques questions analytiques à Michel Foucault, Hermann, 2015

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« Foucault pour la psychanalyse » peut augurer autant, a contrario , de la condamnation virulente d’une vulgate psychanalytique instituant un « Foucault contre la psychanalyse », que de celle de foucaldiens déclarant résolument la nécessité d’« échapper à la psychanalyse » C’est aussi le programme d’une série de tentatives proposant d’« être juste avec Foucault », en présentant la généalogie foucaldienne de la psychanalyse comme discours portant sur un autre registre que celui de la psychanalyse, dans une différence tranchée entre le niveau de la véridiction et celui de la vérité.

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Vichnar, D.
‘Territories Of Risk’ within ‘Tropological Space’: From Zero to 2666, and back
(2015) Fear and Fantasy in a Global World, 81, pp. 55-73.

DOI: 10.1163/9789004306042_005

The essay examines the subversive treatment of discourses of fear and anxiety on both local and global scales to which they are subjected within what Michel Foucault has described as the “tropological space” of literature. The two case studies under focus are Ignacio de Loyola Brandão’s 1979 novel Zero and Roberto Bolaño’s 2004 novel 2666. Brandão’s fictitiously journalistic narrative of a complex discursive collage subverts the hypocrisy of some of the official political discourses of the 1970s Brazilian dictatorship, while Bolaño’s epically broad narrative revolves around Ciudad Juárez, the scene of some of the most terrifying, yet continuously silenced, crimes of post-World War II history. The essay hopes to demonstrate that although incapable of competing with social sciences in their analytic depth and methodological breadth, literature engaging with evil, violence, fear and fantasy can aspire to enrich their viewpoints in two broadly conceived fashions: in staging the problematic nature of writing and writability, and in calling attention to the medium through which any such writing must take place. Ugliness, shapelessness and repulsiveness are no longer the concerns of aesthetic novelty, but the very condition of writing that takes its task (of an ethical engagement with the complex present) seriously. © 2015 by Koninklijke Brill nv, Leiden, The Netherlands. All rights reserved.

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Mennicken, Andrea and Miller, Peter (2014) Michel Foucault and the administering of lives. In: Adler, Paul S., du Gay, Paul, Morgan, Glen and Reed, Michael, (eds.) The Oxford Handbook of Sociology, Social Theory, and Organization Studies: Contemporary Currents. Oxford University Press, Oxford, UK, pp. 11-38. ISBN 9780199671083

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This chapter suggests that Michel Foucault is a nuisance for scholars of organizations, albeit a productive one. Foucault disavowed the study of organizations, yet his work was fundamentally concerned with the administering of lives, a central concern of scholars of organizations. The chapter explores this tension by examining four displacements that Foucault sought to effect: first, a move from asking ‘why’ type questions to ‘how’ type questions; second, a concern with subjectivity that discards the ethical polarization of subject and object in favour of an analysis of the historically varying ways in which the capacities and attributes of subjects are constituted; third, a focus on practices rather than organizations, and a concern to analyse sets or assemblages of practices in terms of how they emerge and how they are stabilized over time; fourth, a focus on rationalities in the plural. It then examines the ‘Foucault effect’ in organization studies.

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