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Archive for the ‘Book chapters’ Category

Matteo Pasquinelli “Arcana Mathematica Imperii: The Evolution of Western Computational Norms”, in: Maria Hlavajova et al. (eds) Former West. MIT Press, 2017.

PDF available on academia.edu

Etymologically, statistics is knowledge of the state, of the forces and resources that characterize a state at a given moment . . . this was an explicit part of raison d’État called the arcana Imperii, the secrets of power, and for a long time statistics in particular were considered as secrets of power not to be divulged.
Michel Foucault, Security, Territory, and Population, 1978.

In the nonspace of the matrix, the interior of a given data construct possessed unlimited subjective dimension.
William Gibson, Neuromancer, 1984.

Abstract
The essay follows the metamorphosis of the symbolic form of Western power in the age of global datacenters and machine learning algorithms. Three cases studies of numerical governance (or algorithmic governance) are discussed: Compstat — a system of crime record visualization developed by the New York Police Department since 80s; SkyNet — a NSA classified program for metadata analysis of communication networks in the ‘war on terror’; Ayasdi — a company sponsored by DARPA (the research agency of the US Department of Defense) that has developed sophisticated techniques for topological data analysis.

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Teófilo Espada-Brignoni and Frances Ruiz-Alfaro, Political Repertoires: Tellability and Subjectivation in Music as a Platform for Political Communication,Uche Onyebadi (ed.) IGI Global, 2017

DOI: 10.4018/978-1-5225-1986-7.ch003

Abstract
Songwriting, whether creative or unoriginal, can challenge or promote the values of the dominant discourses in a particular society. Within the context of popular music, Gil Scott-Heron wrote songs that problematize official discourses about family life, the African-American experience, the government, and rappers, among other topics. Through discourse analysis, in this chapter the authors explore how songs written by Scott-Heron deal with the narrations and definitions others ascribe to the self, questioning a diversity of accounts and explanations regarding social and personal experience. Gathering ideas from Michel Foucault’s and Judith Butler’s notion of “subjectivation,” Kathy Popkin’s considerations on “tellability,” and Enrique Pichón- Rivière’s conceptualization of bonds, the authors discuss political repertoires articulated through music.

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Pierre Macherey, 10 – Foucault lecteur de Roussel : la littérature comme philosophie, Pierre Macherey À quoi pense la littérature ?, Presses Universitaires de France, 1990, édition numérique (2016)

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Dans son travail, Foucault a réservé une place exceptionnelle à la littérature, à laquelle il a reconnu le statut d’un révélateur théorique : Les mots et les choses, dont le titre évoque directement les problèmes de la littérature, en témoignent particulièrement. Foucault a fait plus que réfléchir sur la littérature, il a travaillé avec la littérature : ce qui le préoccupait, c’était d’en faire un…

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Thamy Ayouch, Foucault pour la psychanalyse : vérité, véridiction, pratiques de soi, in SQUVERER Amos, LAUFER Laurie (dir.), Foucault et la psychanalyse. Quelques questions analytiques à Michel Foucault, Hermann, 2015

Full text on academia.edu

« Foucault pour la psychanalyse » peut augurer autant, a contrario , de la condamnation virulente d’une vulgate psychanalytique instituant un « Foucault contre la psychanalyse », que de celle de foucaldiens déclarant résolument la nécessité d’« échapper à la psychanalyse » C’est aussi le programme d’une série de tentatives proposant d’« être juste avec Foucault », en présentant la généalogie foucaldienne de la psychanalyse comme discours portant sur un autre registre que celui de la psychanalyse, dans une différence tranchée entre le niveau de la véridiction et celui de la vérité.

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Vichnar, D.
‘Territories Of Risk’ within ‘Tropological Space’: From Zero to 2666, and back
(2015) Fear and Fantasy in a Global World, 81, pp. 55-73.

DOI: 10.1163/9789004306042_005

Abstract
The essay examines the subversive treatment of discourses of fear and anxiety on both local and global scales to which they are subjected within what Michel Foucault has described as the “tropological space” of literature. The two case studies under focus are Ignacio de Loyola Brandão’s 1979 novel Zero and Roberto Bolaño’s 2004 novel 2666. Brandão’s fictitiously journalistic narrative of a complex discursive collage subverts the hypocrisy of some of the official political discourses of the 1970s Brazilian dictatorship, while Bolaño’s epically broad narrative revolves around Ciudad Juárez, the scene of some of the most terrifying, yet continuously silenced, crimes of post-World War II history. The essay hopes to demonstrate that although incapable of competing with social sciences in their analytic depth and methodological breadth, literature engaging with evil, violence, fear and fantasy can aspire to enrich their viewpoints in two broadly conceived fashions: in staging the problematic nature of writing and writability, and in calling attention to the medium through which any such writing must take place. Ugliness, shapelessness and repulsiveness are no longer the concerns of aesthetic novelty, but the very condition of writing that takes its task (of an ethical engagement with the complex present) seriously. © 2015 by Koninklijke Brill nv, Leiden, The Netherlands. All rights reserved.

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Mennicken, Andrea and Miller, Peter (2014) Michel Foucault and the administering of lives. In: Adler, Paul S., du Gay, Paul, Morgan, Glen and Reed, Michael, (eds.) The Oxford Handbook of Sociology, Social Theory, and Organization Studies: Contemporary Currents. Oxford University Press, Oxford, UK, pp. 11-38. ISBN 9780199671083

Further info

Abstract
This chapter suggests that Michel Foucault is a nuisance for scholars of organizations, albeit a productive one. Foucault disavowed the study of organizations, yet his work was fundamentally concerned with the administering of lives, a central concern of scholars of organizations. The chapter explores this tension by examining four displacements that Foucault sought to effect: first, a move from asking ‘why’ type questions to ‘how’ type questions; second, a concern with subjectivity that discards the ethical polarization of subject and object in favour of an analysis of the historically varying ways in which the capacities and attributes of subjects are constituted; third, a focus on practices rather than organizations, and a concern to analyse sets or assemblages of practices in terms of how they emerge and how they are stabilized over time; fourth, a focus on rationalities in the plural. It then examines the ‘Foucault effect’ in organization studies.

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Securing the social: Foucault and Social Networks | Tiziana Terranova – Academia.edu.

From Foucault and the History of Our Present, edited by Sophie Fuggle, Yari Lanci, and Martina Tazzioli

Extract

What do we talk about when we talk about social networks? Is it an actu-ally existing social reality, a structuralist paradigm in the social sciences, or a series of web-based services with specific technical features? Or, as a Foucauldian perspective might have it, a new dispositif of power taking the social as its object and the network as its form? One of the most common arguments to be found about the deploy-ment of Foucault’s work in thinking about social networks is that the latter constitutes a contemporary version of Bentham’s Panopticon – a specific organization of visibility that Foucault described in his book on disciplinary societies (Foucault, 1993; Kampmark, 2007; Bucher, 2012). Commenting on the ‘recent exposure of mass surveillance activity’ by the US National Security Agency (NSA), however, William Davies reflects on how such revelations not only expose the ways in which ‘social networks’ have become the object of the state’s gaze, but also seem to point to a larger phenomenon, what he calls the ‘revenge of the social’. Davies reminds us that for a long time neoliberals have opposed ideas of society and the social but argues that recently this trend has reversed into an ‘explosion of new types of accounting, governance and policy interven-tion which come dressed in the rhetoric of the social. Social enterprise, social media, social indicators, social impact bonds, social neuroscience’ (Davies, 2013). Realizing that ‘individuals are quite manifestly unable to operate as isolated, calculating machines, with only the law and the market to guide them’, for Davies, neoliberalism has found a model of the social in social media that suits its epistemic commitments. Social media provide the techniques by which the social can be finally known:

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