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Garland, David, ‘What is a “history of the present”? On Foucault’s genealogies and their critical preconditions’ Punishment & Society (2014) 16(4)365 – 384

DOI: 10.1177/1462474514541711

Abstract
In this article Michel Foucault’s method of writing a “history of the present” is explained, together with its critical objectives and its difference from conventional historiography. Foucault’s shift from a style of historical research and analysis conceived as “archaeology” to one understood as “genealogy” is also discussed, showing how the history of the present deploys genealogical inquiry and the uncovering of hidden conflicts and contexts as a means of re-valuing the value of contemporary phenomena. The article highlights the critical observations of present-day phenomena from which a history of the present begins, paying particular attention to Foucault’s concept of “dispositif” and his method of problematization. Foucault’s analyses of Bentham’s Panopticon, of the disciplinary sources of the modern prison, and of the technology of confession are discussed by way of illustration.

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Geraldine Muhlmann Journalism for Democracy, Polity, 2010

Editor: There are some very interesting remarks on Foucault, Bourdieu and journalism in the first chapter

Description
Journalists are commonly denounced from all sides – a shameful, deceitful trade, a profession sold out to the powerful which gives a biased and misleading picture of the world. Behind the condemnation one can often detect a desire for reform, a feeling that good journalism is too important for the health of democracy to be left to languish among the tabloids. Yet the discussion rarely gets beyond the well-worn formulas of free speech and the Fourth Estate. The question of the political significance of journalism is never seriously addressed, and the question of what journalism should be is rarely posed.

This important new book by Géraldine Muhlmann addresses these gaps in our understanding and goes a long way to filling them. Putting aside the hasty diatribes against journalism, Muhlmann asks the fundamental questions: what should journalism be? What ideals should it serve? What do seeing and showing the world mean today? What direction should journalism take in order to emerge from its current crisis?

Drawing on a rich tradition of philosophical thought, Muhlmann breathes new life into the old debate about journalism and its role today. Avoiding the twin pitfalls of destructive criticism and naive celebration, she sees a double task for a reinvigorated journalism: to allow space for conflict but also to foster unity within the political community. In the practice of journalism we see the enigma of democracy itself: the coexistence of two stages, one of action and one of representations, the latter offering a symbolic resolution to the conflicts that animate the former.

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France: Defection of the Leftist Intellectuals

Research Paper from the CIA archives. Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2011/05/13
!reformation available as of 15 November 1985 was used in this report.

Scope note
Intellectuals have traditionally played an influential role in French political life. Even though they have seldom sought a direct part in formulating policy, they have conditioned the atmosphere in which politics are conducted and have frequently served as important shape s of the political and ideological trends that generate French policy. Recognizing that their influence on policy making is difficult to measure, his paper focuses on the changing attitudes of French intellectuals and gauges the probable impact on the political environment in which policy is made.

[…] With one or two exceptions, important intellectuals-such as anthropologist Michel Foucault-refused positions in Mitterrand’s government.

With thanks to DMF for this news!

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Bruno Latour, Why Has Critique Run out of Steam? From Matters of Fact to Matters of Concern, Critical Inquiry 30 (Winter 2004)

Full PDF

Wars. So many wars. Wars outside and wars inside. Cultural wars, science wars, and wars against terrorism. Wars against poverty and wars against the poor. Wars against ignorance and wars out of ignorance. My question is simple: Should we be at war, too, we, the scholars, the intellectuals? Is it really our duty to add fresh ruins to fields of ruins? Is it really the task of the humanities to add deconstruction to destruction? More iconoclasm to iconoclasm? What has become of the critical spirit? Has it run out of steam?

[…] What has become of critique when DARPA uses for its Total Information Awareness project the Baconian slogan Scientia est potentia? Didn’t I read that somewhere in Michel Foucault? Has knowledge-slash-power been co-opted of late by the National Security Agency? Has Discipline and Punish become the bedtime reading of Mr. Ridge?

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dunod_drie_2013_01_l204Dominique Beynier MICHEL FOUCAULT, « Le monde correctionnaire » , in Histoire de la folie à l’âge classique (1961), Gallimard, 1974, 92-123

In Didier Drieu (ed) 46 commentaires de textes en clinique institutionnelle – Dunod, 2013

Premières lignes

Michel Foucault (1926-1984), entre en 1946 à l’École normale supérieure. Il obtient en Sorbonne une licence de philosophie et de psychologie. Son itinéraire intellectuel de l’époque s’effectue sous l’enseignement de Ludwig Biswanger et Louis Althusser. En 1951, il est reçu à l’agrégation de philosophie. De 1953 à 1954, il occupe un poste d’assistant à l’université de Lille. En 1954, il publie son premier…

Plan de l’article

1. Présentation de l’auteur
2. Synthèse du texte
3. Concepts fondamentaux
4. Filiation et prolongements

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Macias, T. (2012). In the World: Toward a Foucauldian Ethics of Reading in Social Work. Intersectionalities: A Global Journal Of Social Work Analysis, Research, Polity, And Practice, 1, 1-19.

Full text available

ABSTRACT
Teaching and learning critical and anti-oppressive frameworks pose many challenges within social work as a profession invested in notions of practice, competency, helping, and benevolence. Course content that generally interrogates social works helping role and social workers identity as helpers is at times met with dismissal that it does not teach practice skills. At other times, learners paradoxically argue that material that challenges the making of the profession and their identity in fact confirms and reaffirms their professional roles. These reactions suggest that a number of actions and negotiations take place in the apparently mundane relationship between reader and text, actions that cannot solely be attributed to texts. This paper uses a Foucauldian approach to ethics to render the relationship between reader and text thinkable and problematic and to explore processes of subject formation being negotiated by readers in their contextual relationships with texts. The central argument of this paper is that by rendering the reader-text relationship thinkable, we can explore transformative and critical reading ethics that account for how power and knowledge regimes interconnect with processes of subject formation in reader-text relationships in social work.

KEYWORDS
social work education, subjectivity, Foucault, reading, poststructuralism

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eccedenza_sovran Francescomaria Tedesco, Eccedenza Sovrana , Mimesis Edizioni, 2012

Pasolini, discutendo di Salò, sosteneva che nulla è più anarchico del potere, perché il potere fa ciò che vuole, e ciò che vuole il potere è completamente arbitrario. Eppure, a scrutare il fondo uccisore della sovranità moderna, emerge la fragilità di un potere che ha bisogno, per esistere, del riconoscimento delle proprie vittime. Come una preghiera di Dio, l’ordine implora di essere amato, anche da coloro che mette a morte. Di questa che nel libro viene definita ‘teurgia politica’ (l’idea che un potere che, come Dio, si dice pieno di gloria abbia bisogno di venire costantemente glorificato) beneficia Barnardine, l’assassino boemo di Misura per misura di Shakespeare, che alla chiamata al patibolo risponde con un’imprecazione: non ha voglia di morire, e non morirà, e al potere “gli prenda la peste alla gola”.È così che egli si fa sovrano. Al pari dello Stato e contro lo Stato.

Francescomaria Tedesco, dottore di ricerca in Teoria e Storia del diritto, è assegnista di ricerca in Filosofia politica presso l’Istituto Dirpolis della Scuola Superiore Sant’Anna di Pisa. Ha svolto attività di ricerca presso il SUM – Istituto Italiano di Scienze Umane di Firenze. Ha insegnato Diritti umani presso l’Università per Stranieri di Perugia. Oltre a numerosi saggi e articoli, alcune voci enciclopediche per UTET, ha pubblicato le monografie Introduzione a Hayek (2004) e Diritti umani e relativismo (2009), entrambe Laterza.

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