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Archive for the ‘Journal articles’ Category

Mitchell Dean, Michel Foucault’s ‘apology’ for neoliberalism. Lecture delivered at the British Library on the 30th anniversary of the death of Michel Foucault, June 25, 2014, Journal of Political Power, Volume 7, Issue 3, 2014, pages 433-442

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Abstract
This lecture evaluates the claim made by one of his closest followers, François Ewald, that Foucault offered an apology for neoliberalism, particularly of the American school represented by Gary Becker. It draws on exchanges between Ewald and Becker in 2012 and 2013 at the University of Chicago shortly before the latter’s death. It places Foucault in relation to the then emergent Second Left in France, the critique of the welfare state, and, more broadly, the late-twentieth-century social-democratic take-up of neoliberal thought. It indicates three limitations of his thought: the problem of state ‘veridiction’; the question of inequality; and the concept of the economy. It also indicates how these might be addressed within a general appreciation of his thought.

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Ahmad Mohammed Bani Salameh, Foucault’s Descending Individuation: The Unprivileged Under Panoptic Gaze in Shakespeare and Godwin, Dirasat: Human and Social Sciences, Vol 41, No 3 (2014)

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Abstract

This paper presents new critical insights into two selected literary works from the English literature, Shakespeare’s Measure for Measure and William Godwin’s Caleb Williams, in light of Michel Foucault’s “descending individuation” in Discipline and Punish. Through the lens of this theory, this study illumines these writers’ scathing critique of “descending individuation” in their cultures in which surveillance of individuals goes in an inverse relationship with their socio-economic statuses-namely, the lower one’s social and economic station is, the more liable s/he becomes to panoptic gaze. This paper shows these authors’ dissatisfaction with the flawed justice system of their culture, because surveillance, usually a disciplinary law-enforcement strategy, could backfire if enforced in a descending, prejudiced fashion.

Keywords

Foucault, Descending, Individuation, Disciplinary, Surveillance, Godwin, Shakespeare

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Thomas J. Catlaw, Recovering Ethical-Political Action in Government: An Introduction to the Symposium — Foucault’s Last Lectures and Their Implications for Public Administration, Administrative Theory & Praxis, 36(2), 2014, 157-174

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Abstract:
An introduction is presented in which the author discusses articles within the issue on topics including democratic political theory of political theorist Chantal Mouffe, the concept of parrhesia as described by philosopher Michel Foucault, and practice of parrhesia in public administration.

Keywords: public administration, governmentality, biopolitics, parrhesia, ethics, Michel Foucault, Chantal Mouffe

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Rosie Meade, Foucault’s Concept of Counter-Conduct and the Politics of Anti-Austerity Protest in Ireland, Concept: The journal of contemporary community education practice theory, vol 5, no. 3, 2014

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Abstract

Since the announcement of the Irish recession in 2008, there has been much media and popular speculation regarding the apparent failure of the Irish people to collectively resist austerity. The socialisation of private banking debt and successive fiscal ‘adjustments’, which have seen huge reductions in public spending, disproportionately impacting on the Irish community and voluntary sector (Harvey, 2012), have not generated sustained opposition from civil society. Apocryphal stories of Greek protesters chanting ‘we are not like Ireland’ or the current Irish Minister for Finance Michael Noonan’s threats to print t-shirts with the slogan ‘We’re not Greece’, belie a more complex reality. Evidently, as Laurence Cox (2012) has observed in this journal ‘responses from working class communities and social movements’ have been ‘minimal’ In the absence of a widely-shared and enacted anti-austerity politics, there have been regular manifestations of localised or sectoralised opposition to welfare retrenchment, service withdrawal, and the introduction of new levies or charges (Allen, 2012). It is important to note, however, that their achievements to date have been variable.

Keywords

Neo-liberalism; Austerity; Anti Austerity; Foucault

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Richard White, Foucault on the Care of the Self as an Ethical Project and a Spiritual Goal, Human Studies 37 (4):489-504 (2014)

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Abstract

In this paper, I examine Foucault’s ideas concerning the care of the self. What exactly is this ideal that Foucault describes in his last two books? Do these books represent a break or a continuation with the earlier writings on knowledge and power? Most important, I consider whether the care of the self could ever be a significant ethical ideal given some of the objections that have been raised against Foucault’s position. I also look at the care of the self as the focus of Foucault’s own views on spiritual life. I argue that Foucault’s later work offers the basis for a secular or non-theistic spirituality which is especially relevant today

Keywords Foucault care of the self Ethics Spirituality

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Philosophie N° 123 – Foucault : a priori, phénoménologie et histoire de la raison , Editions de minuit

Ce numéro consacré à Foucault s’ouvre par un texte de Wouter Goris, “L’a priori historique chez Husserl et Foucault”. Il analyse l’oxymore philosophique qu’est l’a priori historique, dont il retrace l’origine dans le célèbre texte “L’origine de la géométrie” où Husserl thématise l’a priori de l’historicité, c’est-à-dire les structures formelles de tout horizon historique qui précèdent et fondent toute rationalité historiographique.

Chez Foucault, il s’agit moins d’un a priori de l’histoire que d’un a priori dans l’histoire : formes a priori de la dicibilité et de la visibilité qui caractérisent une épistémè. Le numéro se poursuit avec “L’être de l’homme à travers limites et finitude : Foucault et la critique de l’ontologie heideggérienne”, où Claude Vishnu Spaak réfléchit à la notion d’ontologie chez Foucault, pour montrer en quoi la construction foucaldienne de l’ontologie historique se distingue de sa conception heideggérienne comme science transcendantale de l’être.

Il met en évidence le caractère central de la notion de finitude, ainsi que sa différence chez les deux auteurs : elle fonde chez Heidegger la possibilité de l’existence humaine, lui conférant son horizon de sens ; chez Foucault, la “pensée du dehors” à laquelle s’expose l’homme comme être fini conduit à une démarcation nette entre les registres de l’être et du sens. Dans “La phénoménologie manquée de Foucault : Husserl et le contre-modèle de l’anthropologisme kantien”, John Rogove compare les interprétations husserlienne et foucaldienne de l’anthropologisme kantien : Foucault, comme Husserl, attribue à Kant la responsabilité de l’anthropologisation de la pensée occidentale qui, ensuite, a bifurqué en une philosophie du sujet (qui se serait déployée avec Husserl) et en un positivisme anthropologiste qui en serait le complément et le fondement secrets.

Foucault semble par là méconnaître la critique radicale de la première par la phénoménologie, ainsi que la parenté qui relie la phénoménologie et son propre projet. Dans “L’histoire critique de la raison par Foucault comme remise en cause de la rationalité”, Fabrice de Salies dégage la préoccupation centrale de Foucault par-delà la pluralité de ses enquêtes historiques sur les savoirs empiriques et la matérialité des pratiques : mettre en évidence l’historicité de la rationalité, son caractère relatif, variable, limité et subordonné aux jeux conflictuels des relations de pouvoir – dont toute rationalité n’est qu’une expression intellectualisée.
Dessiner les motifs, modalités et visées de cette histoire critique de la rationalité doit permettre d’apprécier la nature du déplacement qu’il impose à la pensée : faire de la politique la philosophie première. Enfin, dans “Foucault et Lévi-Strauss en miroir”, Daniel Liotta oppose les modes d’intelligibilité propres aux deux penseurs : repérer la continuité d’une fonction à travers la variation de ses matériaux pour l’un – l’objet étant défini par ses possibilités de transformation symbolique -, et identifier la continuité d’une forme à travers la variation de ses finalités pour l’autre – les objets de discours étant définis par le devenir multiple de leur “forme”.

Confrontation qui conduit à concevoir en miroir, mais non en opposition, les principes de l’invention culturelle et les figures de notre liberté chez les deux penseurs. D. P.

Sommaire

Wouters Goris
L’a priori historique chez Husserl et Foucault
traduit par Julien Farges

Claude Vishnu Spaak
L’être de l’homme à travers limites et finitude :
Foucault et la critique de l’ontologie heideggérienne

John Rogove
La phénoménologie manquée de Foucault :
Husserl et le contre-modèle de l’anthropologisme kantien

Fabrice de Salies
L’histoire critique de la raison par Foucault comme remise en cause de la rationalité

Daniel Liotta
Foucault et Lévi-Strauss en miroir

Notes de lecture

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Besley, A.C.(Tina)
‘Finding Foucault': orders of discourse and cultures of the self
(2014) Educational Philosophy and Theory, . Article in Press.

Abstract
The idea of finding Foucault first looks at the many influences on Foucault, including his Nietzschean acclamations. It examines Foucault’s critical history of thought, his work on the orders of discourse with his emphasis on being a pluralist: the problem he says that he has set himself is that of the individualization of discourses. Finally, it addresses his work on the culture of the self which became a philosophical and historical question for Foucault later in his life as he investigated the historical form of relations between subjectivity and truth in Western philosophy since Antiquity and how philosophy as an activity taught about the care of the self. The conclusion suggests some ways that students might approach his work as they proceed in finding Foucault and their own selves. © 2014 © 2014 Philosophy of Education Society of Australasia.

Author Keywords
discourse; Foucault; Nietzsche; Poststructuralism; self; subjectivity

DOI: 10.1080/00131857.2014.945510

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