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New issue of materiali foucaultiani (II:4), consecrated mostly (but not exclusively) to “Butler/Foucault: Undoing Norms, Reworking Subjects”.

COPERTINA II,4

Table of contents

A che prezzo si diviene soggetti?  (pp. 3-7)

Laura Cremonesi, Orazio Irrera, Daniele Lorenzini, Martina Tazzioli

FULL ARTICLE

Butler/Foucault: Undoing Norms, Reworking Subjects

Introduzione  (pp. 9-16)

  Laura Cremonesi, Orazio Irrera, Daniele Lorenzini, Martina Tazzioli

FULL ARTICLE

Vulnerabilità e resistenza. Intervista a Judith Butler  (pp. 17-26)

di Federica Sossi e Martina Tazzioli

ABSTRACT       FULL ARTICLE

Vulnerability and Resistance. Interview with Judith Butler  (pp. 27-36)

by Federica Sossi and Martina Tazzioli

ABSTRACT       FULL ARTICLE

Barred Subjects. Framing the Criminal Body with Foucault and Butler  (pp. 37-68)

Sophie Fuggle

ABSTRACT       FULL ARTICLE

Gli atti insurrezionali discorsivi dei prigionieri di Guantánamo: la rivendicazione di una politica della vulnerabilità  (pp. 69-93)

Laura De Grazia

ABSTRACT       FULL ARTICLE

Alterità della vita e alterazione del mondo. Ritorno sulla figura del cinico in Foucault e la performance drag in Butler  (pp. 95-114)

Céline Van Caillie

ABSTRACT       FULL ARTICLE       [READ IT IN FRENCH]

Confessioni precarie. Veridizione di sé e vulnerabilità alle norme in Michel Foucault e Judith Butler  (pp. 115-140)

  Attilio Bragantini

ABSTRACT       FULL ARTICLE

Soggetto, potere, discorso. Da Foucault a Butler, passando da Bourdieu  (pp. 141-163)

  Philippe Sabot

ABSTRACT       FULL ARTICLE       [READ IT IN FRENCH]

Corpi Soggetti Norme  (pp. 165-189)

  Carlo Parisi

ABSTRACT       FULL ARTICLE

The Departure from Categories and the Temporality of Norms. Working through Political Epistemology with Foucault and Butler  (pp. 191-215)

  Martina Tazzioli

ABSTRACT       FULL ARTICLE

Saggi

Michel Foucault: carne, concupiscenza e corpo casto  (pp. 217-235)

 Arianna Sforzini

ABSTRACT       FULL ARTICLE

L’archivio e gli archivi. Archeologia dei discorsi e governo dei viventi  (pp. 237-254)

Alain Brossat

ABSTRACT       FULL ARTICLE       [READ IT IN FRENCH]

Michel Foucault e la Rivoluzione francese  (pp. 255-282)

  Sophie Wahnich

ABSTRACT       FULL ARTICLE       [READ IT IN FRENCH]

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Whitney, K.
Domesticating nature?: Surveillance and conservation of migratory shorebirds in the “Atlantic Flyway”
(2014) Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C :Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences, 45 (1), pp. 78-87.

Abstract
Using a recent environmental controversy on the U.S. east coast over the conservation of red knots (Calidris canutus rufa) as a lens, I present a history of North American efforts to understand and conserve migratory shorebirds. Focusing on a few signal pieces of American legislation and their associated bureaucracies, I show the ways in which migratory wildlife have been thoroughly enrolled in efforts to quantify and protect their populations. Interactions between wildlife biologists and endangered species have been described by some scholars as “domestication”-a level of surveillance and intervention into nonhuman nature that constitutes a form of dependence. I pause to reflect on this historical trajectory, pointing out the breaks and continuities with older forms of natural history. Using the oft-mobilized Foucauldian metaphor of the panopticon as a foil, I question the utility and ethics of too-easily declaring “domesticated” wildlife an act of “biopower.” Instead, I argue that Jacob von Uexküll’s “. umwelt” from early ecology and ethology, and more contemporary Science and Technology Studies (STS) analyses emphasizing multiple ontologies, offer more illuminating accounts of endangered species science. Neither science, conservation, nor history are well-served by the conflation of wildlife “surveillance” with the language of Foucauldian discipline.

Author Keywords
Conservation; Domestication; Foucault; Ontology; Umwelt; Wildlife biology

DOI: 10.1016/j.shpsc.2013.10.008

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Lyness, C.
Governing the suicide bomber: reading terrorism studies as governmentality
(2014) Critical Studies on Terrorism, Published online Feb 2014


Abstract

This article engages with the suicide bomber as he or she appears in the terrorism studies literature. In contrast to sensationalised narratives of the suicide bomber as pathological or fanatical, terrorism studies has increasingly come to view suicide bombing as a rational phenomenon that follows an identifiable strategic logic. Following Foucault’s articulation of governmentality, I read this literature as a governmental practice that attempts to understand the latent rationality of suicide bombing so that the phenomenon may be effectively governed and managed. With this understanding, I look specifically at the terrorism studies accounts of female suicide bombers and argue that the concerns they articulate regarding the superior capacity of these women to go undetected, such as with the use of fake pregnancies as disguises, produces the female suicide bomber as a uniquely risky and ungovernable subject.

Author Keywords
gender; governmentality; suicide bombing; terrorism studies

DOI: 10.1080/17539153.2014.881199

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Walker, S.P.
Accounting and rural rehabilitation in New Deal America
(2014) Accounting, Organizations and Society, Published online Feb 2014

Abstract
The enabling potential of accounting is explored through an investigation of practices attending the rural rehabilitation program in 1930s USA. The paper examines the attempts of a progressive government agency to encourage the adoption of accounting on a substantial scale through ‘supervised credit’. This episode is analyzed by reference to concepts of supervision derived from the work of theorists such as Foucault and Giddens. The accounting techniques applied by rural families under supervision are discussed and their rehabilitative impacts assessed at the levels of the objectified population and its individuated subjects. It is shown that accounting featured prominently, at diverse levels of government, in what has been identified as the most significant attempt to address rural poverty in American history. While the educative functioning of supervised accounting had facilitative and enabling effects, its administrative functioning was surveillant, controlling and directing of those targeted for intervention.

DOI: 10.1016/j.aos.2014.01.007

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Niesche, R., Keddie, A.
Issues of Indigenous representation: White advocacy and the complexities of ethical leadership
(2014) International Journal of Qualitative Studies in Education, 27 (4), pp. 509-526.

Abstract
This paper explores the tensions and complexities for two principals as they work towards equity and improved social and educational outcomes for their Indigenous students. Drawing on Foucault’s fourfold ethical frame and poststructuralist notions of the subject, this paper presents the different ways the white female principals of Indigenous schools are formed as subjects. We illustrate how the multiplicities of their subject formation are influenced by the historicity and contextual factors of the schools and communities. These factors play a significant part in how these principals work as advocates and differently experience and negotiate the tensions around representation of and for Indigenous schools and communities. In realising equity goals for Indigenous students, the paper draws on Foucault’s work to illustrate the imperative of school leaders’ cognisance of, and capacity to work with, these factors.

Author Keywords
Indigenous; leadership; school principals; subjectivity

DOI: 10.1080/09518398.2013.771223

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Ahonen, P., Tienari, J., Meriläinen, S., Pullen, A.
Hidden contexts and invisible power relations: A Foucauldian reading of diversity research
(2014) Human Relations, 67 (3), pp. 263-286.

Abstract
This article joins recent critical diversity studies that point to an urgent need to revitalize the field, but goes further by showing the inherent contextual issues and power relations that frame existing contributions. Based on a theoretical reading inspired by Michel Foucault, diversity is presented as discourse that is not independent of the particular research exercise of which it is part but, rather, remains contingent on the prevailing forms of knowledge and choices made by researchers. By attending to more refined understandings of power and context within diversity discourse, this article makes visible and calls into question the categorization and normalization of diversity and its management. It contributes to existing research by suggesting that the knowledge produced by mainstream and critical diversity scholars alike is biopolitical and governmental. To do diversity research differently or ‘otherwise’ requires finding ways to develop theorizations and practices that turn this modality of power against itself.

Author Keywords
biopolitics; context; discourse; diversity; governmentality; Michel Foucault; power; research practice

DOI: 10.1177/0018726713491772

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Millei, Z., Cliff, K.
The preschool bathroom: Making ‘problem bodies’ and the limit of the disciplinary regime over children
(2014) British Journal of Sociology of Education, 35 (2), pp. 244-262.


Abstract

In this paper we study the effects of power in a bathroom, which is a rarely analysed space in preschools, using empirical examples from a semi-ethnographic study conducted in New South Wales, Australia. We demonstrate that educators’ understanding and practices mostly consider their own positioning in discourses and come short in accounting for children’s practices in and expressed views on the bathroom. Educators also remain distant from children’s bodily experiences. The interplay of the open architectural design of the bathroom space and dominant discourses operating in the preschool constitute some children as ‘problem bodies’ apparently requiring (and justifying) direct intervention. Following this reasoning we argue that the surveillance, regularisation and normalisation in the bathroom is far from total, which leads us to question the adequacy of understanding the bathroom as forming a part of a modern (disciplinary) institution.

Author Keywords
biopedagogies; disciplinary regimes; early childhood; Foucault; modern institutions; preschool bathroom

DOI: 10.1080/01425692.2012.761394

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Mooney, J.
A tale of two regicides
(2014) European Journal of Criminology, 11 (2), pp. 228-250.


Abstract

This paper examines two attempted 18th century cases of regicide: those of Robert François Damiens against Louis XV and Margaret Nicholson against George III, which have similar circumstances yet, on the face of it, strikingly different outcomes. For both assailants were seemingly unremarkable individuals, employed for much of their working lives as domestic servants, the attacks were relatively minor and both were diagnosed as ‘mad’. However, Margaret Nicholson was to be confined for life in Bethlem Royal Hospital for the insane, whereas Robert François Damiens was tortured and torn apart by horses at the Place de Grève. The name of Damiens resonates today amongst scholars of criminology through the utilization of his execution by Michel Foucault in the opening to his seminal work Discipline and Punish: the Birth of the Prison (1975); Margaret Nicholson is less widely known. By analyzing the considerable amount of media and literary coverage devoted to these attempted regicides at the time this paper concludes by locating these crimes as symptomatic of the ‘spirit of the times’.

Author Keywords
Historical research; popular resistance; regicide

DOI: 10.1177/1477370813494860

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Pepper, S.
Subscribing to Governmental Rationality: HBO and the AIDS Epidemic
(2014) Communication and Critical/ Cultural Studies, Published online Feb 2014

Abstract
Between 1987 and 2013, HBO produced or distributed over twenty HIV/AIDS programs. These films trace a cultural shift from an early focus on AIDS as a public health issue to be dealt with through individual “safe-sex” practices and ethical citizenship to a later focus on AIDS as a global pandemic where the explicit strategy becomes a reliance on non-state actors to combat AIDS. This article argues that HBO’s HIV/AIDS films are embedded within a cultural approach to AIDS that relies on governmental logics and neoliberal solutions – not direct action, but directing action. © 2014 © 2014 National Communication Association.

Author Keywords
Foucault; Governmentality; HBO; HIV/AIDS; Television

DOI: 10.1080/14791420.2014.882516

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Korycki, K., Nasirzadeh, A.
Desire recast: the production of gay identity in Iran
(2014) Journal of Gender Studies, Published online Feb 2014

Abstract
This paper traces the transformation of sexual space in Iran during the past 200 years; a process which culminated in the emergence of Iranian gays at the beginning of this century. We reconcile the work of Najmabadi [2005. Women with mustaches and men without beards: gender and sexual anxieties of Iranian modernity, Berkley: University of California Press], Foucault [1990. The history of sexuality, Vol. 1: an introduction, New York: Vintage Books], and Massad [2002. Re-orienting desire: the gay international and the arab world. Public Culture 14(2), 361-385; 2007. Desiring arabs, Chicago: University of Chicago Press] and describe distinct moments of modern subject construction. We claim that gays are constituted in Iran through a process of heteronormalization of social space, followed by the ‘fixing’ of deviant types in law and medicine and then the availability of a positive frame of reference which makes its appearance in the mid-1990s when the discourse of identity and human rights enters Iran. We conclude by signalling a new chapter in the constitution of sexual space in Iran in which gay activists experiment with Persian culture to create gay-friendly speech.

Author Keywords
gay; homosexual; identity; Iran

DOI: 10.1080/09589236.2014.889599

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