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Archive for the ‘Journal articles’ Category

Karlsen, M.P., Villadsen, K.
Foucault, Maoism, Genealogy: The Influence of Political Militancy in Michel Foucault’s Thought
(2014) New Political Science, . Article in Press.

Abstract
Foucault’s inspiration from Nietzsche in terms of writing critical histories is difficult to overestimate. However, this article advances an interpretation of Foucault’s approach to history which focuses on another, less readily evident, dialogue partner, namely the Marxist tradition and, more precisely, French Maoism. The first part of the article details Foucault’s involvement in the Maoist-inspired activist group, Groupe d’information sur les prisons (GIP). It is argued that Foucault’s practical experience from GIP left crucial marks on his contemporaneous statements on the genealogical method and his critique of “totalizing institutions,” “uniform discourse” and “juridical universality.” The second part of the article offers a close reading of Foucault’s reflections on genealogy in his 1976 lecture series which demonstrates how the Maoist activist principles noticeably resonate in these statements. The aim of the article is threefold. First, to bring attention to largely neglected sources of inspiration for Foucault’s genealogical approach, which complement those represented by Nietzsche. Second, it seeks to obtain a better understanding of Foucault’s relationship to Marxism, a relationship often portrayed as unambiguously negative. And third, the goal is to demonstrate how principles developed in Maoist political activism are not only realized in Foucault’s activities within the GIP, but also in his lecture-hall formulations of genealogy, power, and critique.

DOI: 10.1080/07393148.2014.945251

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Taylor, C.
Birth of the Suicidal Subject: Nelly Arcan, Michel Foucault, and Voluntary Death
(2014) Culture, Theory and Critique. Article in Press.

Abstract
Michel Foucault argues that it is not sex but death that is the true taboo in the modern, biopolitical era. The result is that regular death has been privatised and institutionalised, wars are waged in the name of life, capital punishment has become a scandal, and suicide has become a problem for sociological and psychiatric analysis rather than law. In contrast to the dominant view, Foucault portrays suicide not as a mark of pathology but as a form of resistance (tragic or pleasurable) to disciplinary power, and argues for an aestheticisation of voluntary death as part of a beautiful life. Through a reading of the writings of Québecoise author Nelly Arcan, this essay presents but also critiques and expands upon Foucault’s accounts of suicide, exploring the thesis that the pathological model of suicide produces the subjects that it intends to treat.

DOI: 10.1080/14735784.2014.937820

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Besley, A.C.(Tina)
‘Finding Foucault': orders of discourse and cultures of the self
(2014) Educational Philosophy and Theory. Article in Press.

Abstract
The idea of finding Foucault first looks at the many influences on Foucault, including his Nietzschean acclamations. It examines Foucault’s critical history of thought, his work on the orders of discourse with his emphasis on being a pluralist: the problem he says that he has set himself is that of the individualization of discourses. Finally, it addresses his work on the culture of the self which became a philosophical and historical question for Foucault later in his life as he investigated the historical form of relations between subjectivity and truth in Western philosophy since Antiquity and how philosophy as an activity taught about the care of the self. The conclusion suggests some ways that students might approach his work as they proceed in finding Foucault and their own selves.

Author Keywords
discourse; Foucault; Nietzsche; Poststructuralism; self; subjectivity

DOI: 10.1080/00131857.2014.945510

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Mobilities and Foucault. Special Issue, Mobilities Volume 9, Issue 4, 2014

Further info

Introduction to Special Issue on ‘Mobilities and Foucault’
Katharina Manderscheid, Tim Schwanen & David Tyfield

‘One Must Eliminate the Effects of … Diffuse Circulation [and] their Unstable and Dangerous Coagulation’: Foucault and Beyond the Stopping of Mobilities
Chris Philo

Securing Circulation Through Mobility: Milieu and Emergency Response in the British Fire and Rescue Service
Nathaniel O’Grady

Prison and (Im)mobility. What about Foucault?
Christophe Mincke & Anne Lemonne

Veins of Concrete, Cities of Flow: Reasserting the Centrality of Circulation in Foucault’s Analytics of Government
Mark Usher

Governing Mobilities, Mobilising Carbon
Matthew Paterson

Putting the Power in ‘Socio-Technical Regimes’ – E-Mobility Transition in China as Political Process
David Tyfield

The Movement Problem, the Car and Future Mobility Regimes: Automobility as Dispositif and Mode of Regulation
Katharina Manderscheid

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Lanuza, G.M.
Agency and Governmentality: The Regulation and resistance of Muslim students in a public high school
(2013) Asia-Pacific Social Science Review, 13 (2), pp. 63-78.

Further info

Abstract
This paper is an attempt to show how Michel Foucault’s notion of governmentality can be used to illustrate the regulation of Muslim students while engaging in self-making in the context of the disciplinary feld of a public high school. Using ethnographic data, this paper argues that Muslim students are not just passive subjects; rather, they are active agents in constituting their identities while simultaneously subjected to the power relations in the school. Towards the end of the paper, I propose certain policy recommendations that could address the problems generated by current specifc form of rationality of government that normalizes Muslim students in public schools. © 2013 De La Salle University, Philippines.

Author Keywords
Foucault; Governmentality; Identity; Muslim; Reproduction

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Miró-Bonet, M., Bover-Bover, A., Moreno-Mulet, C., Miró-Bonet, R., Zaforteza-Lallemand, C.
Genealogy as a critical toolbox: Deconstructing the professional identity of nurses
(2014) Journal of Advanced Nursing, 70 (4), pp. 768-776.

Abstract
Aim: To discuss the Foucauldian concept of genealogy as a framework for understanding and transforming nurses’ professional identity. Background: The professional identity of nurses has primarily been defined by personal and interpersonal attributes and by the intradisciplinary dimensions of nursing, leading to its conceptualization as a universal, monolithic phenomenon. The Foucauldian genealogical perspective offers a critical lens to examine what constitutes this professional identity; Spanish nursing offers a historical case study of an active effort to impose an identity that fits the monolithic ideal. Data sources: Five of the 33 professional conduct manuals for nurses’ training published from 1956-1976 during the Franco dictatorship in Spain and six interviews with nursing instructors or students at the time were analysed using a theoretical framework drawn from Foucault’s writing. Discussion: Foucault’s genealogical framework considers practices of normalization and resistance as a means of understanding knowledge continuities and discontinuities, clarifying practices that constitute nurses’ professional identity in a particular way in specific contexts and analysing the implications of this theoretical frame. Implications for nursing: The genealogy concept offers valuable tools to determine how professional identities are constituted, questions assumptions about the profession and its professionals and envisions alternative approaches. This theoretical approach helps both scholars and practitioners understand, question and transform their practices as needed. Conclusion: The genealogical approach prioritizes analysis of the phenomenon over its description and challenges many unknown, forgotten, excluded and/or unquestioned aspects of identity from a position of diversity and complexity.

Author Keywords
Discourse; Foucault; Genealogy; Identity; Nursing history; Poststructuralism; Power; Profession; Qualitative research

DOI: 10.1111/jan.12236

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Marco DÍAZ MARSÁ / Jorge DÁVILA ROJAS, De la historia del pensamiento y de sus principios. Aproximación a Michel Foucault, REVISTA LOGOS. ANALES DEL SEMINARIO DE METAFÍSICA, Vol. 47 2014, pp. 81-109.

(Universidad Complutense de Madrid, España / Universidad de los Andes, Mérida, Venezuela)

On the History of Thought and its Principles. Approach to Michel Foucault

 

De la historia del pensamiento y de sus principios. Aproximación a M. Foucault“.

Resumen: 

Este estudio se define y articula a partir de la pregunta por el significado, sentido y estructura de la noción de “historia del pensamiento”, tal como ésta emerge y actúa desde los últimos pronunciamientos e intervenciones de Foucault, de un modo singularmente claro y revelador a partir de la primera versión del Prefacio a la “Historia de la sexualidad” (1984), texto del que nos ocupamos con atención prioritaria a lo largo de este trabajo.

Palabras clave: Problematización, actualidad, historia, crítica, ontología, filosofía,política, principio.

Abstract

This study is defined and articulated on grounds of the question about the meaning,sense and structure of the notion of “history of thought” as it rises and functions from Foucault’s last declarations and interventions, in a particularly clear and illuminating way after the first version of the Préface à l’“Histoire de la sexualité” (1984), which we will mindfully approach along this work.

Keywords: Problématisation, actuality, history, critique, ontology, philosophy, politics, principle.

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