Com o objetivo de subsidiar teórica e metodologicamente pesquisadores e estudiosos do campo epistemológico do discurso, esta coletânea reúne, com singular empenho dos autores, inéditas e substanciais discussões e reflexões acerca da formação dos objetos. Sob tal conjuntura, cada capítulo prima, por sua natureza teórica e analítica, demonstrar a emergência e formação de enunciados para além da articulação das palavras, compreendendo que os objetos não se formam nas realidades materiais anteriores aos discursos, mas são por eles produzidos no conjunto de práticas que arquitetam seu aparecimento, sua manutenção e sua coexistência. O tratamento desse funcionamento discursivo, cujas vertentes teóricas tem seus expoentes em Foucault, Pêcheux, Courtine, Bakhtin, Orlandi, Charaudeau e Maingueneau, possibilitou a organização da obra em duas partes. Na primeira, estão reunidos os textos que abordam as categorias de Acontecimento, espaços de memória, política(s) e mídia. E, na segunda parte, os capítulos estão amparados na investigação sobre a produção de discursos sobre o corpo, inscrita em práticas de subjetivação, no domínio da biopolítica. Organizam-se, portanto, a partir de três eixos − Práticas de subjetivação, biopolítica e corpo.
Archive for the ‘Books’ Category
Three years before his death, Michel Foucault delivered a series of lectures at the Catholic University of Louvain that until recently remained almost unknown. These lectures—which focus on the role of avowal, or confession, in the determination of truth and justice—provide the missing link between Foucault’s early work on madness, delinquency, and sexuality and his later explorations of subjectivity in Greek and Roman antiquity.
Ranging broadly from Homer to the twentieth century, Foucault traces the early use of truth-telling in ancient Greece and follows it through to practices of self-examination in monastic times. By the nineteenth century, the avowal of wrongdoing was no longer sufficient to satisfy the call for justice; there remained the question of who the “criminal” was and what formative factors contributed to his wrong-doing. The call for psychiatric expertise marked the birth of the discipline of psychiatry in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries as well as its widespread recognition as the foundation of criminology and modern criminal justice.
Published here for the first time, the 1981 lectures have been superbly translated by Stephen W. Sawyer and expertly edited and extensively annotated by Fabienne Brion and Bernard E. Harcourt. They are accompanied by two contemporaneous interviews with Foucault in which he elaborates on a number of the key themes. An essential companion to Discipline and Punish, Wrong-Doing, Truth-Telling will take its place as one of the most significant works of Foucault to appear in decades, and will be necessary reading for all those interested in his thought.
Com a clareza e a profundidade conceitual necessárias ao estudo de um dos filósofos mais importantes do século XX, este livro traz à tona o tema, atual e relevante, da relação entre verdade e loucura. Como nossa cultura chegou à verdade da loucura? Como a loucura enuncia a verdade do homem? Trata-se do início da produção teórica de Michel Foucault, ou seja, do nascimento de sua arqueologia. Voltado a textos pouco estudados, como o primeiro livro publicado por Foucault, “Doença mental e personalidade”, ainda não traduzido para o português, sua leitura oferece uma contribuição para o estudo desse filósofo e para a compreensão do sentido de seu afastamento em relação ao humanismo.
Stijn Vanheule, What we can learn from Michel Foucault on DxSummit.org The Global Summit on Diagnostic Alternatives: An Online Platform for Rethinking Mental Health
The text below is based on the author’s book: Vanheule, S. (2014). Diagnosis and the DSM – A critical Review. London & New York: Palgrave Macmillan.
As a consequence, in Foucault’s view madness is not so much a natural kind, i.e., an entity governed by natural laws, but what he calls “a reification of a magical nature.” In his view, psychiatry did not arise because medical doctors had suddenly discovered an underlying biomedical reality that could be linked to the behaviors of the so-called insane. On the contrary, psychiatry came into existence as it brought its own object into being: disciplinary practices first delineated a group of outcasts that were amenable for adaptation to society, and later defined them as proper objects for scientific study: “What we call psychiatric practice is a certain moral tactic contemporary with the end of the eighteenth century, preserved in the rites of asylum life, and overlaid by the myths of positivism”. By qualifying madness as a reification Foucault stresses that the early alienists, just like modern psychiatrists, turned their concept into an object. As a consequence ‘madness’ was no longer treated as an abstraction that can be used to make sense of reality, but as a biological or psychological reality that simply awaits clinical detection and scientific discovery. Such reification is a direct effect of adopting psychiatric discourse. Through the use of specific language, the concept under discussion is materialized, or as Nietzsche put it: “it is enough to create new names and estimations and probabilities in order to create in the long run new ‘things.’”
Meanwhile this notion of reification slowly became recognized as a problem in psychiatry. What is more, DSM-based diagnosis in particular was at last accused of promulgating such reification, thus giving rise to what Steven Hyman, a former president of the US National Institute of Mental Health, calls “an unintended epistemic prison.” Indeed, while the diagnostic categories of the DSM are nothing but conventional groupings of symptoms or “heuristics that have proven extremely useful in clinical practice and research”, people still tend to think of them as real entities. For example, reification is evident when people think of ‘ADHD’ or ‘schizophrenia’ as underlying diseases that give rise to characteristic symptoms, while in fact these labels are nothing but umbrella terms used to designate a collection of symptoms commonly associated with the condition. Reification produces the added problem of the so-called disorders being understood as quasi-material conditions that cause symptoms, while in fact they only indicate that a (certain) minimal number of category-specific symptoms have been observed in an individual. In other words, DSM diagnoses do not explain anything beyond this idle descriptive classification, yet people tend to invest belief in them as real entities, which is clearly absurd.
Stijn Vanheule, Ph.D., is a clinical psychologist, associate professor at Ghent University (Belgium), and psychoanalyst in private practice (member New Lacanian School for Psychoanalysis). He is the author of the books The Subject of Psychosis: A Lacanian Perspective (2011) and Diagnosis and the DSM: A critical Review (2014), and of multiple papers on Lacanian and Freudian psychoanalysis, psychoanalytic research into psychopathology, and clinical diagnosis.
Textes choisis et présentés par Philippe Artières, Jean-François Bert, Sandra Boehringer, Philippe Chevallier, Frédéric Gros, Luca Paltrinieri, Judith Revel.
Collection Regards critiques.
Avec L’Usage des plaisirs et Le Souci de soi, Michel Foucault reprend, après huit ans de silence, le fil interrompu d’une histoire de la sexualité. Entre-temps, toutefois, le projet a changé profondément : il ne s’agit plus seulement d’étudier les concepts et les normes qui règlent la sexualité, mais aussi les formes et les modalités du rapport à soi par lesquelles les individus se constituent et se reconnaissent comme sujets. La première réception des deux ouvrages témoigne ainsi d’un double étonnement : la découverte d’un nouveau registre de la pensée foucaldienne qui se tisse autour de la subjectivation et l’inexistence, dans les sociétés anciennes, d’une « sexualité » comme ensemble de pratiques humaines définissant l’identité homosexuelle ou hétérosexuelle.
In liberal, democratic and capitalist societies today, we are increasingly invited to disclose our innermost thoughts to others. We are asked to turn our gaze inwards, scrutinizing ourselves, our behaviours and beliefs, while talking and writing about ourselves in these terms. This form of disclosure of the self resonates with older forms of church confession, and is now widely seen in practices of education in new ways in nurseries, schools, colleges, universities, workplaces and the wider policy arena.
This bookbrings together internationalscholars and researchers inspired by the work of Michel Foucault, to explore in detail what happens when these practices of confession become part of our lives and ways of being in education. The authors argue that they are not neutral, but political and powerful in their effects in shaping and governing people; they examine confession as discursive and contemporary practice so as to provoke critical thought.
International in scope and pioneering in the detail of its scrutiny of such practices, this book extends contemporary understanding of the exercise of power and politics of confessional practices in education and learning, and offers an alternative way of thinking of them. The book will be of value to educational practitioners, scholars, researchers and students, interested in the politics of their own practices.
Author bios Acknowledgements Part 1 – Introduction 1. An emergence of confession in education Part 2 – A politics of confession in assessment 2. Confession and subjectifications in school performance evaluations 3. Fabricating the teacher’s soul in teacher education 4. Assessing confession in shaping the professional 5. Confessions of an individual education plan 6. Visualization, performance, and the figure of the researcher
Part 3 – A politics of confession in dialogue 7. On confessional dialogue and collective subjects 8. Guiding adults: researching the ANT-ics of confessing 9. Confessional talk in parenting Part 4 – A politics of confession in State programmes 10. Is giving voice an incitement to confess? 11. Are we constructing Lutherans, people with values or US citizens? 12. Subjectivity, youth unemployment and culture of self 13. Historicizing Chinese self-reflection as a technology of confession Part 5 – A politics of confession as Care of the self 14. Reflections on lifelong learning and the making of the self in 15. Living the present otherwise.
Andreas Fejes is Professor in Adult Education Research at the division for education and adult learning at Linköping University, Sweden.
Katherine Nicoll is Senior Lecturer in Education at the University of Stirling, Scotland.
Cet Abécédaire Foucault n’est pas un essai sur la pensée de Foucault mais bien plutôt un cheminement avec Foucault. En adoptant le principe de l’abécédaire, il ne s’agit pas de passer en revue les principales notions à l’œuvre dans le travail de Foucault mais plutôt de tenter de rendre le lecteur sensible à la puissance d’une pensée constamment animée par le souci de l’actuel (le présent tel qu’il est, pour nous, en question). En croisant et combinant des textes animés par le souci d’entrer dans la discussion foucaldienne contemporaine, toujours plus animée, et d’autres qui sont portés par l’inspiration foucaldienne sans se rattacher à une quelconque orthodoxie, cet ouvrage s’efforce de mettre en évidence la façon dont une pensée forte comme celle de Foucault peut agir sur ses lecteurs en les incitant à se tenir à la hauteur des enjeux aussi bien philosophiques que politiques de leur époque. Aux antipodes du commentaire de texte(s) érudit, cet abc… destiné à être lu dans tous les sens vise, entre autres, à convaincre le lecteur que la philosophie vive est tout sauf un soporifique – un stimulant destiné à intensifier la pensée, en vente libre, sans effet indésirable….
With thanks to Alexandre Klein for this news