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Niesche, R., Keddie, A.
Issues of Indigenous representation: White advocacy and the complexities of ethical leadership
(2014) International Journal of Qualitative Studies in Education, 27 (4), pp. 509-526.

Abstract
This paper explores the tensions and complexities for two principals as they work towards equity and improved social and educational outcomes for their Indigenous students. Drawing on Foucault’s fourfold ethical frame and poststructuralist notions of the subject, this paper presents the different ways the white female principals of Indigenous schools are formed as subjects. We illustrate how the multiplicities of their subject formation are influenced by the historicity and contextual factors of the schools and communities. These factors play a significant part in how these principals work as advocates and differently experience and negotiate the tensions around representation of and for Indigenous schools and communities. In realising equity goals for Indigenous students, the paper draws on Foucault’s work to illustrate the imperative of school leaders’ cognisance of, and capacity to work with, these factors.

Author Keywords
Indigenous; leadership; school principals; subjectivity

DOI: 10.1080/09518398.2013.771223

Ahonen, P., Tienari, J., Meriläinen, S., Pullen, A.
Hidden contexts and invisible power relations: A Foucauldian reading of diversity research
(2014) Human Relations, 67 (3), pp. 263-286.

Abstract
This article joins recent critical diversity studies that point to an urgent need to revitalize the field, but goes further by showing the inherent contextual issues and power relations that frame existing contributions. Based on a theoretical reading inspired by Michel Foucault, diversity is presented as discourse that is not independent of the particular research exercise of which it is part but, rather, remains contingent on the prevailing forms of knowledge and choices made by researchers. By attending to more refined understandings of power and context within diversity discourse, this article makes visible and calls into question the categorization and normalization of diversity and its management. It contributes to existing research by suggesting that the knowledge produced by mainstream and critical diversity scholars alike is biopolitical and governmental. To do diversity research differently or ‘otherwise’ requires finding ways to develop theorizations and practices that turn this modality of power against itself.

Author Keywords
biopolitics; context; discourse; diversity; governmentality; Michel Foucault; power; research practice

DOI: 10.1177/0018726713491772

Millei, Z., Cliff, K.
The preschool bathroom: Making ‘problem bodies’ and the limit of the disciplinary regime over children
(2014) British Journal of Sociology of Education, 35 (2), pp. 244-262.


Abstract

In this paper we study the effects of power in a bathroom, which is a rarely analysed space in preschools, using empirical examples from a semi-ethnographic study conducted in New South Wales, Australia. We demonstrate that educators’ understanding and practices mostly consider their own positioning in discourses and come short in accounting for children’s practices in and expressed views on the bathroom. Educators also remain distant from children’s bodily experiences. The interplay of the open architectural design of the bathroom space and dominant discourses operating in the preschool constitute some children as ‘problem bodies’ apparently requiring (and justifying) direct intervention. Following this reasoning we argue that the surveillance, regularisation and normalisation in the bathroom is far from total, which leads us to question the adequacy of understanding the bathroom as forming a part of a modern (disciplinary) institution.

Author Keywords
biopedagogies; disciplinary regimes; early childhood; Foucault; modern institutions; preschool bathroom

DOI: 10.1080/01425692.2012.761394

Mooney, J.
A tale of two regicides
(2014) European Journal of Criminology, 11 (2), pp. 228-250.


Abstract

This paper examines two attempted 18th century cases of regicide: those of Robert François Damiens against Louis XV and Margaret Nicholson against George III, which have similar circumstances yet, on the face of it, strikingly different outcomes. For both assailants were seemingly unremarkable individuals, employed for much of their working lives as domestic servants, the attacks were relatively minor and both were diagnosed as ‘mad’. However, Margaret Nicholson was to be confined for life in Bethlem Royal Hospital for the insane, whereas Robert François Damiens was tortured and torn apart by horses at the Place de Grève. The name of Damiens resonates today amongst scholars of criminology through the utilization of his execution by Michel Foucault in the opening to his seminal work Discipline and Punish: the Birth of the Prison (1975); Margaret Nicholson is less widely known. By analyzing the considerable amount of media and literary coverage devoted to these attempted regicides at the time this paper concludes by locating these crimes as symptomatic of the ‘spirit of the times’.

Author Keywords
Historical research; popular resistance; regicide

DOI: 10.1177/1477370813494860

Pepper, S.
Subscribing to Governmental Rationality: HBO and the AIDS Epidemic
(2014) Communication and Critical/ Cultural Studies, Published online Feb 2014

Abstract
Between 1987 and 2013, HBO produced or distributed over twenty HIV/AIDS programs. These films trace a cultural shift from an early focus on AIDS as a public health issue to be dealt with through individual “safe-sex” practices and ethical citizenship to a later focus on AIDS as a global pandemic where the explicit strategy becomes a reliance on non-state actors to combat AIDS. This article argues that HBO’s HIV/AIDS films are embedded within a cultural approach to AIDS that relies on governmental logics and neoliberal solutions – not direct action, but directing action. © 2014 © 2014 National Communication Association.

Author Keywords
Foucault; Governmentality; HBO; HIV/AIDS; Television

DOI: 10.1080/14791420.2014.882516

Korycki, K., Nasirzadeh, A.
Desire recast: the production of gay identity in Iran
(2014) Journal of Gender Studies, Published online Feb 2014

Abstract
This paper traces the transformation of sexual space in Iran during the past 200 years; a process which culminated in the emergence of Iranian gays at the beginning of this century. We reconcile the work of Najmabadi [2005. Women with mustaches and men without beards: gender and sexual anxieties of Iranian modernity, Berkley: University of California Press], Foucault [1990. The history of sexuality, Vol. 1: an introduction, New York: Vintage Books], and Massad [2002. Re-orienting desire: the gay international and the arab world. Public Culture 14(2), 361-385; 2007. Desiring arabs, Chicago: University of Chicago Press] and describe distinct moments of modern subject construction. We claim that gays are constituted in Iran through a process of heteronormalization of social space, followed by the ‘fixing’ of deviant types in law and medicine and then the availability of a positive frame of reference which makes its appearance in the mid-1990s when the discourse of identity and human rights enters Iran. We conclude by signalling a new chapter in the constitution of sexual space in Iran in which gay activists experiment with Persian culture to create gay-friendly speech.

Author Keywords
gay; homosexual; identity; Iran

DOI: 10.1080/09589236.2014.889599

Jusionyte, I.
For social emergencies “We Are 9-1-1″: How journalists perform the state in an Argentine Border Town
(2014) Anthropological Quarterly, 87 (1), pp. 151-181.

Abstract
This article focuses on Puerto Iguazú, an Argentine town bordering Brazil and Paraguay, where the local media create a patchwork of substitute social services that form the basis of governance. More than 1,200 kilometers away from the federal capital, Iguazú was historically neglected by the central government: water shortages, power cuts, natural gas and fuel scarcity, impassable roads, and squatter settlements contributed to infrastructural collapses in a territorial periphery. Local news coverage has been consistently critical of the failing state in Iguazú, treating governmental neglect as social emergency, which requires an urgent media intervention. Through their routine news itineraries and agendas, social solidarity, and assistance campaigns, Iguazú journalists have taken on certain pragmatic functions ordinarily understood to be the task of the government. In reference to Foucault’s theory of capillary power, I call this locally embedded performance of the state, separate from official policies and projects, capillary governance. I pay special attention to the role of infrastructure, showing how different infrastructural networks-from power and water supply to communications technologies-interconnect, at times enabling and other times disabling the work of journalists. Merging anthropology of journalism with political anthropology, this article analyzes media practices on a remote border, where official governmental policies and actions are tentative and uneven, showing how Iguazú journalists take on the role of state actors. © 2014 by the Institute for Ethnographic Research (IFER) a part of the George Washington University.

Author Keywords
Argentina; Border; Governance; Journalism; Media; State; Triple frontera

DOI: 10.1353/anq.2014.0004

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