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Whitney, K.
Domesticating nature?: Surveillance and conservation of migratory shorebirds in the “Atlantic Flyway”
(2014) Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C :Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences, 45 (1), pp. 78-87.

Abstract
Using a recent environmental controversy on the U.S. east coast over the conservation of red knots (Calidris canutus rufa) as a lens, I present a history of North American efforts to understand and conserve migratory shorebirds. Focusing on a few signal pieces of American legislation and their associated bureaucracies, I show the ways in which migratory wildlife have been thoroughly enrolled in efforts to quantify and protect their populations. Interactions between wildlife biologists and endangered species have been described by some scholars as “domestication”-a level of surveillance and intervention into nonhuman nature that constitutes a form of dependence. I pause to reflect on this historical trajectory, pointing out the breaks and continuities with older forms of natural history. Using the oft-mobilized Foucauldian metaphor of the panopticon as a foil, I question the utility and ethics of too-easily declaring “domesticated” wildlife an act of “biopower.” Instead, I argue that Jacob von Uexküll’s “. umwelt” from early ecology and ethology, and more contemporary Science and Technology Studies (STS) analyses emphasizing multiple ontologies, offer more illuminating accounts of endangered species science. Neither science, conservation, nor history are well-served by the conflation of wildlife “surveillance” with the language of Foucauldian discipline.

Author Keywords
Conservation; Domestication; Foucault; Ontology; Umwelt; Wildlife biology

DOI: 10.1016/j.shpsc.2013.10.008

Lyness, C.
Governing the suicide bomber: reading terrorism studies as governmentality
(2014) Critical Studies on Terrorism, Published online Feb 2014


Abstract

This article engages with the suicide bomber as he or she appears in the terrorism studies literature. In contrast to sensationalised narratives of the suicide bomber as pathological or fanatical, terrorism studies has increasingly come to view suicide bombing as a rational phenomenon that follows an identifiable strategic logic. Following Foucault’s articulation of governmentality, I read this literature as a governmental practice that attempts to understand the latent rationality of suicide bombing so that the phenomenon may be effectively governed and managed. With this understanding, I look specifically at the terrorism studies accounts of female suicide bombers and argue that the concerns they articulate regarding the superior capacity of these women to go undetected, such as with the use of fake pregnancies as disguises, produces the female suicide bomber as a uniquely risky and ungovernable subject.

Author Keywords
gender; governmentality; suicide bombing; terrorism studies

DOI: 10.1080/17539153.2014.881199

Walker, S.P.
Accounting and rural rehabilitation in New Deal America
(2014) Accounting, Organizations and Society, Published online Feb 2014

Abstract
The enabling potential of accounting is explored through an investigation of practices attending the rural rehabilitation program in 1930s USA. The paper examines the attempts of a progressive government agency to encourage the adoption of accounting on a substantial scale through ‘supervised credit’. This episode is analyzed by reference to concepts of supervision derived from the work of theorists such as Foucault and Giddens. The accounting techniques applied by rural families under supervision are discussed and their rehabilitative impacts assessed at the levels of the objectified population and its individuated subjects. It is shown that accounting featured prominently, at diverse levels of government, in what has been identified as the most significant attempt to address rural poverty in American history. While the educative functioning of supervised accounting had facilitative and enabling effects, its administrative functioning was surveillant, controlling and directing of those targeted for intervention.

DOI: 10.1016/j.aos.2014.01.007

Niesche, R., Keddie, A.
Issues of Indigenous representation: White advocacy and the complexities of ethical leadership
(2014) International Journal of Qualitative Studies in Education, 27 (4), pp. 509-526.

Abstract
This paper explores the tensions and complexities for two principals as they work towards equity and improved social and educational outcomes for their Indigenous students. Drawing on Foucault’s fourfold ethical frame and poststructuralist notions of the subject, this paper presents the different ways the white female principals of Indigenous schools are formed as subjects. We illustrate how the multiplicities of their subject formation are influenced by the historicity and contextual factors of the schools and communities. These factors play a significant part in how these principals work as advocates and differently experience and negotiate the tensions around representation of and for Indigenous schools and communities. In realising equity goals for Indigenous students, the paper draws on Foucault’s work to illustrate the imperative of school leaders’ cognisance of, and capacity to work with, these factors.

Author Keywords
Indigenous; leadership; school principals; subjectivity

DOI: 10.1080/09518398.2013.771223

Ahonen, P., Tienari, J., Meriläinen, S., Pullen, A.
Hidden contexts and invisible power relations: A Foucauldian reading of diversity research
(2014) Human Relations, 67 (3), pp. 263-286.

Abstract
This article joins recent critical diversity studies that point to an urgent need to revitalize the field, but goes further by showing the inherent contextual issues and power relations that frame existing contributions. Based on a theoretical reading inspired by Michel Foucault, diversity is presented as discourse that is not independent of the particular research exercise of which it is part but, rather, remains contingent on the prevailing forms of knowledge and choices made by researchers. By attending to more refined understandings of power and context within diversity discourse, this article makes visible and calls into question the categorization and normalization of diversity and its management. It contributes to existing research by suggesting that the knowledge produced by mainstream and critical diversity scholars alike is biopolitical and governmental. To do diversity research differently or ‘otherwise’ requires finding ways to develop theorizations and practices that turn this modality of power against itself.

Author Keywords
biopolitics; context; discourse; diversity; governmentality; Michel Foucault; power; research practice

DOI: 10.1177/0018726713491772

Millei, Z., Cliff, K.
The preschool bathroom: Making ‘problem bodies’ and the limit of the disciplinary regime over children
(2014) British Journal of Sociology of Education, 35 (2), pp. 244-262.


Abstract

In this paper we study the effects of power in a bathroom, which is a rarely analysed space in preschools, using empirical examples from a semi-ethnographic study conducted in New South Wales, Australia. We demonstrate that educators’ understanding and practices mostly consider their own positioning in discourses and come short in accounting for children’s practices in and expressed views on the bathroom. Educators also remain distant from children’s bodily experiences. The interplay of the open architectural design of the bathroom space and dominant discourses operating in the preschool constitute some children as ‘problem bodies’ apparently requiring (and justifying) direct intervention. Following this reasoning we argue that the surveillance, regularisation and normalisation in the bathroom is far from total, which leads us to question the adequacy of understanding the bathroom as forming a part of a modern (disciplinary) institution.

Author Keywords
biopedagogies; disciplinary regimes; early childhood; Foucault; modern institutions; preschool bathroom

DOI: 10.1080/01425692.2012.761394

Mooney, J.
A tale of two regicides
(2014) European Journal of Criminology, 11 (2), pp. 228-250.


Abstract

This paper examines two attempted 18th century cases of regicide: those of Robert François Damiens against Louis XV and Margaret Nicholson against George III, which have similar circumstances yet, on the face of it, strikingly different outcomes. For both assailants were seemingly unremarkable individuals, employed for much of their working lives as domestic servants, the attacks were relatively minor and both were diagnosed as ‘mad’. However, Margaret Nicholson was to be confined for life in Bethlem Royal Hospital for the insane, whereas Robert François Damiens was tortured and torn apart by horses at the Place de Grève. The name of Damiens resonates today amongst scholars of criminology through the utilization of his execution by Michel Foucault in the opening to his seminal work Discipline and Punish: the Birth of the Prison (1975); Margaret Nicholson is less widely known. By analyzing the considerable amount of media and literary coverage devoted to these attempted regicides at the time this paper concludes by locating these crimes as symptomatic of the ‘spirit of the times’.

Author Keywords
Historical research; popular resistance; regicide

DOI: 10.1177/1477370813494860

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