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Plum, M.
A ‘globalised’ curriculum – international comparative practices and the preschool child as a site of economic optimisation
(2014) Discourse, . Article in Press.

Abstract
Globalisation is often referred to as being external to education – a state of affairs presenting the modern curriculum with numerous challenges. In this article, ‘globalisation’ is examined as something that is internal to curriculum and analysed as a problematisation in a Foucaultian sense, that is, as a complex of attentions, worries and ways of reasoning, producing curricular variables. The analysis is made through an example of early childhood curriculum in Danish preschool, and the way the curricular variable of the preschool child comes into being through ‘globalisation’ as a problematisation, carried forth by comparative practices such as Programme for International Student Assessment. It thus explores some of the systems of reason that educational comparative practices carry through time, focusing on the ways in which configurations are reproduced and transformed, forming the preschool child as a site of economic optimisation.

Author Keywords
comparative education; Foucault; globalisation; PISA; preschool

DOI: 10.1080/01596306.2013.871239

Hope, A.
Schoolchildren, governmentality and national e-safety policy discourse
(2014) Discourse, . Article in Press.

Abstract
The introduction of widespread school Internet access in industrialised countries has been accompanied by the materialisation of what can be labelled as a national school e-safety agenda. Drawing upon Foucault’s notions of discourse and governmentality, this paper explores how e-safety policy documents serve to constrain the conceptual environment, seeking to determine and limit individuals’ thoughts on this matter. Analysing UK and US government texts, it is argued that four main themes arise that subvert critical, informed debate about children online. Namely, the discursive construction of e-kids, the muting of schoolchildren’s voices, the responsibilisation of students and ‘diagnostic inflation’ through realist risk discourses. These issues can be interpreted as an attempt to engender control through particular strategies of governmentality. While recognising that students may resist such attempts at control, it is concluded that the issue of children’s digital rights need to be more prominent in e-safety policies.

Author Keywords
‘diagnostic inflation’; discourse; e-safety policy; Foucault; governmentality; responsibilisation; voice

DOI: 10.1080/01596306.2013.871237

Enroth, H.
Governance: The art of governing after governmentality
(2014) European Journal of Social Theory, 17 (1), pp. 60-76.

Abstract
As Michel Foucault and others have shown, from the seventeenth through the twentieth centuries, Western political discourse has perpetuated an art of governing aimed at societies and populations. This article argues that this modern art of governing is now coming undone, in the name of governance. The discourse on governance is taking us from an art of governing premised on producing policy for a society or a population to an art of governing premised on solving problems with no necessary reference to any kind of society or population. Tracing the evolution of that discourse, the article argues that existing social and political theory has failed to make sense of this shift. It concludes that in order to access and assess the new art of governing on its own terms we need a sociological imagination that stretches beyond societies and a political imaginary without the presupposition of collectivities.

Author Keywords
Foucault; global governance; governance; governmentality; policy

DOI: 10.1177/1368431013491818

Skålevåg, S.A.
The irresponsible criminal in Norwegian medico-legal discourse
(2014) International Journal of Law and Psychiatry, 37 (1), pp. 82-90.

Abstract
This article discusses discourses on criminal responsibility in Norway in the 19th and 20th centuries, in light of Michel Foucault’s regimes of power and knowledge: the apparatuses of law, discipline and security. The passing of two criminal codes, in 1842 and 1902 marks a development from neo-classical law to a law influenced by positivist criminology. In these consecutive ways of thinking law, the figure of the irresponsible criminal constituted a contentious issue. From being a figure marking the limits of the law, the irresponsible criminal became an object to be disciplined and a security threat. This redefinition of criminal responsibility created or was created by new groups of experts speaking from positions increasingly close to the criminals. The most important professional group was of course the psychiatrists, that emerged in Norway as a distinct professional group in the second half of the 19th century, and whose influence in the legislative process culminated in the 1920s. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd.

Author Keywords
Criminal law; Criminal responsibility; Forensic psychiatry; History; Norway

Index Keywords
article, criminal justice, criminal law, criminology, forensic psychiatry, government, history of medicine, medicolegal aspect, mental health, Norway, political system, psychiatrist, war

DOI: 10.1016/j.ijlp.2013.09.008

Bryant, L., Garnham, B.
The embodiment of women in wine: Gender inequality and gendered inscriptions of the working body in a corporate wine organization
(2014) Gender, Work and Organization, . Article in Press.

Abstract
This paper problematizes media representations that suggest women working in the traditionally patriarchal wine industry are no longer subject to structural constraints according to gender. It contributes theoretically driven empirical insights concerning the ways in which gender inequality is produced and embodied within a multinational wine organization. The paper draws on Acker’s framework for understanding inequality regimens and Foucault’s theorization of discourse and the body together with empirical data from interviews with women working at different hierarchical positions in the organization. The analysis examines the discursive inscription of the ideal body, weak bodies, reproducing bodies and home bodies to reveal the ways in which women’s working bodies are problematized and constituted as deviant in relation to masculine norms for working bodies. The analysis develops the argument that naturalized and normalized gendered discourses of the body conceal the structural relations of power that constitute an inequality regimen within the organization.

Author Keywords
Embodiment; Gender; Inequality regimen; Wine industry

DOI: 10.1111/gwao.12045

Jennings, M.
Breaking free to the limit: Playing with Foucault, Otto, and pentecostal experience
(2014) Journal of Contemporary Religion, 29 (1), pp. 33-45.

Abstract
This article explores different phenomenological approaches to understanding one of the central elements of Pentecostal spirituality: the ecstatic experience of the divine (often referred to as the encounter of the divine). The article begins with a description, based upon participant observation, of a typical church service at Breakfree Pentecostal church in suburban Perth, Western Australia. I then outline two phenomenological categories-one theistic, one non-theistic-which shed light on the significance of this experience. These categories are Rudolf Ottos numinous and Michel Foucaults limit experience. It is demonstrated that neither of these can be prioritised, as both require an a priori position on the status of the divine. Instead of choosing one or the other, it is argued that both Otto and Foucault provide a resource for understanding and assessing the Breakfree encounter. The article concludes with the observation that a more playful methodology-one that allows the scholar to draw on theistic and non-theistic categories simultaneously-is required.

DOI: 10.1080/13537903.2014.864801

Matthew Chrulew, Pastoral counter-conducts: Religious resistance in Foucault’s genealogy of Christianity, Critical Research on Religion, April 2014 vol. 2 no. 1 55-65

doi: 10.1177/2050303214520776

Abstract
The internal resistance to religious forms of power is often at issue in Michel Foucault’s genealogy of Christianity. For this anti-clerical Nietzschean, religion is, like science, always a battle over bodies and souls. In his 1978 Collège de France lectures, he traced the nature and descent of an apparatus of “pastoral power” characterized by confession, direction, obedience, and sacrifice. Governmental rationality, both individualizing and totalizing, is its modern descendant. At different moments, Foucault rather infamously opposed to the pastorate and governmentality such ethico-political spiritualities as the Iranian Revolution and ancient Greek ascesis, but he also took care to identify numerous forms of resistance specific and internal to Christianity itself. His lecture of 1 March 1978 outlined five examples of “insurrections of conduct”: “eschatology, Scripture, mysticism, the community, and ascesis.” I will detail Foucault’s analysis of pastoral counter-conducts, and explore how he sets up the nature and stakes of this tension within Christianity and its secular kin.

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